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Once World war first broke out there was an unemployment crisis for both men and women.

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Introduction

Once World war first broke out there was an unemployment crisis for both men and women. This was due to many reasons. Trade with Germany stopped, factories were shut down in the panic of war, and many upper-class and middle-class women dismissed their servants. Men who were unemployed could join the army; however the women were left unemployed. By the end of September 1914, approximately 44% of women were unemployed, and without money. Many funds were set up to help the unemployed. The National Relief Fund set up by the Prince of Wales, helped people who were out of work. Men and women both received ten shillings a week if they lived in London and 8 shillings otherwise. Some funds were only aimed at middle-class women such as the Women's Golfers Fund. However, by the summer of 1915 there was a different situation. Employment was available and in some cases there was a shortage of workers. ...read more.

Middle

They were allowed their jobs back when they returned form war. Before the war women had few rights and were mainly the property of their husband or father. Most of them were not allowed to work, or if they did they worked in very low paid jobs. However during the war, women were seen working in factories. Women worked long hours and many had dangerous jobs, such as making ammunitions. Their efforts disproved the old idea that women were inferior to men. Women worked in all sorts of areas. Some women worked in nursing, and armies. These were mainly upper class women, who had higher levels of education than lower class women. These women, reluctant to work with the inferior class joined as one of the nurses in the army or as one of the women in the services, to help the sick and the wounded. ...read more.

Conclusion

To solve this problem the government formed the Women's Land Army. The women who joined were normally middle and upper class. There were three main areas to work in: agriculture, timber-cutting, and forage. Most of the women however, worked in munitions. This was around 900,000 women who made armaments in factories. These women were mainly working class. Their lifestyle changed as a reason of this and women started wearing trousers. The pay was good, and munitions workers were very important to the war effort because it supplied men on the front. During the war, employed women generally faced harassment from men. These men accused women of taking over their jobs. In nursing, many women also faced prejudice from colleagues who accused them for not being experienced enough to work. Nevertheless, women were happy to work. It was a chance for them to experience something new. Mostly their pay was average, some people were paid poorly, while others were paid at a good rate. ...read more.

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