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Outline and assess none sociological theories of crime and deviance?

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Introduction

Outline and assess none sociological theories of crime and deviance? Deviance is behavior that violates the norms and values of society and induces a negative reaction in a majority of the members of that society. An example of this would be burping in public. Crime is also behavior that violates the norms and values of society, however the behavior is deemed so bad to society that the state has put in place rules and punishments to stop this behavior from happening. An example of this is murder, and the punishment in UK is life imprisonment. Functionalist believe that deviance isn't a bad thing and that every society will generate deviance and have crime rates because the existence of norms and values and individual differences create deviance and rule breaking. There are many none sociological theories of crime and deviance. They can be split up into two categories biological and psychological theories. First I will look at biological theories and outline and assess their views then I will look a psychological theories. ...read more.

Middle

The positive of this theory is that the extra y chromosome is very common in the prisoner population. However it doesn't like the last theory take into account all the criminals that didn't get caught. Also this theory cant explain then why theirs non-violent crimes such as insurance fraud and computer hacking i.e. stealing peoples money from their banks. The final biological theory I'm going to look at is Kelly. This theory states that chemical imbalances in the body cause crime. Modern supporters of biological theories argue that biological factors predispose people to deviant behavior. An example of this chemical imbalance in the body is hyperglycemia, this is where there is more sugar in the blood, makes people more likely to commit crime. A criticism of this theory is that behavior attributed to biological camases may not necessarily lead to criminal acts. Now I'm going to look at the psychological theories. Psychological explanations mainly look at early childhood experiences and insufficient personality development. ...read more.

Conclusion

First they fail to explain the social patterns of crime such as race, class and masculinity. Secondly they ignore social factors, David Mutza says that behavior is learned and is not already their like Eysenck theory. Another criticism of non-sociological theories is that they offer incomplete and partial explanations. Also assume it's possible to distinguish between criminals and non-criminals. On the other hand sociological theories of the cause of deviant behavior focus on environmental and social factors which intervene between an individuals biology and psychology and the criminals deviant act. They also focus on the learning of deviant roles and behavior through the values and norms of a particular groups in particular societies. Some values and norms support conformity whilst others support deviance. Sociologists also examine how norms and values change over time, like smoking in the 1940' an 50's it was promoted by movie stars as the cool thing to do, now however it is seen as a bad thing and society is trying to shun it out. Also how powerful groups define what is criminal and what is deviant. In other words deviance is a social construction. ...read more.

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