• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and assess none sociological theories of crime and deviance?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and assess none sociological theories of crime and deviance? Deviance is behavior that violates the norms and values of society and induces a negative reaction in a majority of the members of that society. An example of this would be burping in public. Crime is also behavior that violates the norms and values of society, however the behavior is deemed so bad to society that the state has put in place rules and punishments to stop this behavior from happening. An example of this is murder, and the punishment in UK is life imprisonment. Functionalist believe that deviance isn't a bad thing and that every society will generate deviance and have crime rates because the existence of norms and values and individual differences create deviance and rule breaking. There are many none sociological theories of crime and deviance. They can be split up into two categories biological and psychological theories. First I will look at biological theories and outline and assess their views then I will look a psychological theories. ...read more.

Middle

The positive of this theory is that the extra y chromosome is very common in the prisoner population. However it doesn't like the last theory take into account all the criminals that didn't get caught. Also this theory cant explain then why theirs non-violent crimes such as insurance fraud and computer hacking i.e. stealing peoples money from their banks. The final biological theory I'm going to look at is Kelly. This theory states that chemical imbalances in the body cause crime. Modern supporters of biological theories argue that biological factors predispose people to deviant behavior. An example of this chemical imbalance in the body is hyperglycemia, this is where there is more sugar in the blood, makes people more likely to commit crime. A criticism of this theory is that behavior attributed to biological camases may not necessarily lead to criminal acts. Now I'm going to look at the psychological theories. Psychological explanations mainly look at early childhood experiences and insufficient personality development. ...read more.

Conclusion

First they fail to explain the social patterns of crime such as race, class and masculinity. Secondly they ignore social factors, David Mutza says that behavior is learned and is not already their like Eysenck theory. Another criticism of non-sociological theories is that they offer incomplete and partial explanations. Also assume it's possible to distinguish between criminals and non-criminals. On the other hand sociological theories of the cause of deviant behavior focus on environmental and social factors which intervene between an individuals biology and psychology and the criminals deviant act. They also focus on the learning of deviant roles and behavior through the values and norms of a particular groups in particular societies. Some values and norms support conformity whilst others support deviance. Sociologists also examine how norms and values change over time, like smoking in the 1940' an 50's it was promoted by movie stars as the cool thing to do, now however it is seen as a bad thing and society is trying to shun it out. Also how powerful groups define what is criminal and what is deviant. In other words deviance is a social construction. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    Considering the case of female prostitution: The prostitute has accepted the cultural values of dominant society - obtaining success and material wealth. Yet if she is poor, then the structural means to attain theses goals are less available to

  2. An Evaluation on the Biological Theories of Crime

    Ectomorphs - thin, fragile, solitary, retained and self-conscious. Mesomorphs - muscular, hard, aggressive, have high pain tolerances, heartless and uncaring about other people's feelings. Somatotype - term used to describe body types Sheldon identified the criminal body type as being mesomorph.

  1. Crime: Social construction or reality?

    the criminal actor, to underestimate crime or to exaggerate it...most importantly it is realism which informs our notion of practice: in answering What can be done about the problems of crime and social control?' (Young 1986:49). Left realists were dissatisfied with the social construction or crime.

  2. Evaluate Functionalist Theories of Crime and Deviance

    from a feminist perspective, namely due to the glaring fact that it does not adequately explain how females coped with the idea of 'status deprivation'- an accusation further reinforced by the fact that Cohen's work was titled "Delinquent Boys".

  1. Critically compare the three main theories of deviance and assess their strengths & weaknesses

    It becomes what Becker calls a master status. Labelling also causes the labelled group or individual to see them in terms of the label. This may produce a self-fulfilling prophecy in which the label actually makes itself true. Becker identifies a number of stages in this process: 1.

  2. Social construction of childhood

    Shorter's findings on infant death were also criticised. Midwives were allowed to baptise sickly babies to save them from limbo, suggesting that parents did still strongly care for their children. But is today the death or the century of the child?

  1. Compare and Contrast the Main Sociological Theories of Deviance.

    This is the approach of social positivists. These were theories of the delinquent subculture. However, these theories were developments of earlier work, notably the work of Durkheim and Merton. Durkheim rejected the definition of crime, which would constitute the commonsense of any society, that crimes are acts that are harmful to society.

  2. Outline and Assess Sociological Approaches to Social Control Within Crime and Deviance

    The criminal justice system and, particularly, the forms of punishment used play a crucial role in this by imposing the values of the powerful. However, social control, has changed over the years. Stan Cohen has suggested a number of key themes in the changing nature of the formal control in Western societies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work