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Outline and assess the impact of the 1988 Education Reform Act

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Introduction

´╗┐Nishtar Hussain Outline and assess the impact of the 1988 Education Reform Act The view that the 1988 Education Reform Act is influential in terms of controlling and progressing schools further could be seen as decisive, one reason being it could be a means of achieving control of the curriculum and the assessment, enabling them to progress and monitor there spending control, as well as the rise in the standards of school in terms of the competition and choice. There are also views that education has since, in similar ways, become more like a business, this comparison was made by sociologist Stephen Ball (1990), this would be because businesses (in other words; educational institutions/schools) would be competing to have the best customers (in other words; students). As well as, the feminists view that the act has benefited girls to become more work orientated instead of the typical stereotyped ?love and romanticised? girls. In this essay I will further outline whether the act has had an impact on society or if it has become dysfunctional overtime. The 1988 Education reform act was one of the most notable and significantly developed legislation since the last radical regulation, the education act of 1944. ...read more.

Middle

This term was suggested by sociologist Bartlett and Le Grand (1993) which was used to describe when a superior school chooses higher ability pupils (sociologist Stewart Ranson 1996), who would be able to gain the best results and cost them less to teach. Another similar aspect would the introduction of exam league tables, exam league tables position each school according to its exam achievements but it makes no allowance for the level of ability of its pupils. This means that the schools that are higher achieving would select the higher achieving pupils neglecting the lower achievers from succeeding, which would further reinforce inequality in the education system. In contrast to this, it had started to benefit girls significantly, as they take education more seriously than boys, girls have the tendency to be more organised and care about their work, since the pre-industrial era women were more vulnerable as they were as the ?stay-at-home housewife? and now they have more time work and leisure. Feminists believe that education has become more advantageous towards women and has benefited disadvantaged women; they believe the act has allowed women to have more opportunities and an equal chance to men to achieve the best out of education. ...read more.

Conclusion

As in the pre-industrial era, an exam had determined the future of the generations, as if a child had passed their exam they were given the privilege of attending a grammar school, if they had failed they were sent to a secondary modern school. This level of inequality is unfair as it is exposes to them, at a tender young age, their future, a student which attends a grammar schools would be destined to great things, this also is an unequal opportunity as it did cater for everyone individual needs. Hence since then, SAT?s (Standard Attainment Tests) have been introduced which tests each pupil at the end of each Key Stage rather than after the age of 11. There has also been justice for girls who haven?t had equal opportunity and have been given the chance of pursuing a successful education as well as a successful working job. However, the disadvantages would also have to be taken into consideration as it is still unfair for the working class families, there are many aspect which contribute to this argument a few having been already mentioned; parents not having enough economical capital to compete with the wealthy and parents not having sufficient amount of knowledge regarding the schools available for their children. ...read more.

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