• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Assess the Marxist approach to understanding the cause of crime.

Extracts from this document...


Imran Miah Outline and Assess the Marxist approach to understanding the cause of crime. People who study crime are known as criminologists and would define crime as being acitities that break the law of the state and should be punished for it.The general belief is that crime is a path which is not expected of most social groups and the law is there to prosecute criminals for It and to protect the public in general from becoming victims of it.Marxists believe that the law is not in favour of all in society but for the powerful. Traditional Marxists such as Snider would argue that the whole basis of laws are for the benefit of the bourgeoisie or the ruling class and the laws reflects their interests. For example there is an excessive prominence given to protection of property and it was one of the first laws to be passed, this is because majority of the ruling classes have a lot of property. ...read more.


Whereas the politicians and lawyers have more effective means in order to get a bigger cut of the cake. Gordon argues that crime is a rational reaction to the competitiveness and inequality of Capitalist society. The way in which this is done is by imposing ruling class values on the proletariat. This is done through various agencies such as the education system and mass media. The values form the basis in which laws are passed. These values are forced on to people as they are agreeing to it as a result of their own beliefs, which are in reality the interests of ruling elite. The ruling class constantly strives to divert attention from the true causes of the situation; people don't get rational explanations of why people commit crimes, most of the time they are blamed for it rather than the state or capitalists. ...read more.


Marxists explanation of crimes gives reasons but doesn't give solutions to overcome crime this is seen as one sided by Left Realists. Marxists do not emphasise the victims of crimes rather they talk more about the cooperate crimes; the victims of crimes are mostly working class. Neo Marxists such as Taylor Walter and Young believe that power is unequally distributed in society but also states that crime is the result of the interaction of the deviant the police and the media etc. But even if this is the case Marxist theory are still influential in criminology. Snider and Chambliss argues that cooperate crimes are scarcely policed and are rarely herd of in the media and are hardly ever punished severely. Corporate crimes do more harm than petty street crimes but they are portrayed as the more serious crimes. Their punishment is prison which is away of putting aside the unattractive part of capitalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    He believes that involvement in school, family, and recreation insulates a juvenile from potential delinquent behaviour that may be a result of idleness. The fourth and final element is belief and it deals with the individual's agreement with a society's value system.

  2. Outline and assess Marxist explanations of crime and deviance.

    However the New Right do believe the main causes of crime are poor upbringing, biological or genetical defects and that a number of illegal acts are not really harmful but are illegal because bureaucrats want to interfere in peoples lives.

  1. Realist approaches are unlike any other approach. They don't concentrate on the causes or ...

    However, criticising Wilson's 'broken window' thesis is Matthews (1992). He found little evidence that tolerating the broken windows and public incivilities led to an increase in crime. In fact he found that the level of incivility was determined by the level of crime, and not the other way round.

  2. The media and its approach to the sensitive issue of law and order has ...

    CSI investigator with a 98% clearance rate, but whose first calling was that of a professional nightclub stripper in order to solve a serious crime. Programs like "Blue Heelers" and "CSI" might rightly be viewed as public relations efforts or propaganda as stated in post #5 in the discussion thread, by the user "bennjamin".

  1. How influential is the media in shaping public understanding of crime?

    It is clear that crime constitutes a major realm of societal concern. Initial focus in this essay will be on how influential media is on peoples understanding of crime through exaggeration. The subject of Cohen's and Hall et al work on moral panic will be largely touched upon.

  2. Critically Compare and Contrast Functionalist and Traditional Marxist Perspectives On Crime.

    I was Emile Durkheim who began the study that gave birth to functionalist approaches to crime. Merton brought about further study when he developed his 'strain theory' in the 1930's during the 'great depression' where there were large amounts of unemployment and changes occurring at that time in the US.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work