• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and assess the view that processes within schools may lead to gender differences in educational achievement.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Essay: Outline and assess the view that processes within schools may lead to gender differences in educational achievement. It could be said that to some extent the view that processes within schools may lead to gender differences in educational achievement is true. The theory of Interactionist looks at the individual rather than society; therefore it is a bottom up theory. Interactionist argue that the processes within the schools such as the hidden curriculum may lead students in gender differences in educational achievement, as what happens inside the school which is unwritten is what influences the individual in educational achievement, not the formal curriculum or what is written rule such as the subjects which is being studied influences the student to achieve. The sociologist Goffman explains that everyone in society is "presenting the self in everyday life". What he means is that everyone is a puppet of society and not in control of what they say or do, but in fact they are attached in strings and act for example in play, such as a female may play the role of a mother at home but play the role of a student at school. ...read more.

Middle

In effect the architectural arrangements could foster different type of teachings and learning, leading to differential gender achievement, for example the 'feel' of the classroom could be gendered making one gender feel more dominant and the other weak. Another factor which could contribute to gender differences in education achievement is time table. This has implications for both students and teachers. A timetable carries hidden messages about the importance and worth of different subjects and groups of students. For example in a classroom where there's twenty students, with seventeen boys and three girls then this will have an effect on their educational achievement, as the girls may feel they have 'no voice' and cannot speak and express themselves as there could be fear of intimidation or being laughed at as 'they are girls', the stereotype that girls are not clever, vice versa. Also the subject stereotype could be found in the timetables. This goes back to the traditional idea that girls should be doing subjects such as textiles or food technology, as it is seen as easy and feminine, while boys should be doing subjects such as Physics or PE, as it's more masculine and seen as hard subjects which requires more intellectual thoughts or strength. ...read more.

Conclusion

This could be due to maintaining the masculinity. He also found that while at work, these boys had the same attitude and said that real masculine work did not require education. To conclude, Willis is arguing that it is not the processes within the school which makes an impact on student's achievement but rather on the student's attitudes. Another factor which could be used to argue that processes within the school created gendered educational achievement is language and textbooks. What this means is that the use of language of students or maybe teachers is anti-female, for example comments such as girls should be naturally caring and do subjects related to their gender are common, while in textbooks it is found that it is anti female, as books often refer a person to 'man/men' and is often anti black. However, it could be said that in recent years, there has been changes in attitudes to or expectation of people and this is not gendered to males or females, and people do not associate females with the stereotypes of feminine or boys with the stereotype of masculine. In turn it could be said that students are not seen as attaining or achieving in education due to their ability but rather on their on merits and performance. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jusna Begum - FE02 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Assess the reasons for gender differences in Educational Achievement

    The curriculum focuses more on male achievements in society, and tends to ignore the female. Also, when Spender analysed tape recordings of various classes, he found that males were given much more attention in class, and girls seemed to be invisible.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    education system in my first interview, it turned out that I couldn't set up an interview in time. Also once I had finished transcribing my interview, and quantifying my data I already felt that I had enough data to give a well-rounded report.

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    Bourdieu saw the education system as an agent of social control for the benefit of capitalism. He argued that working-class failure is the fault of the education system and not working-class culture. The education system is biased towards the culture of the dominant social classes and devalues the knowledge and skills of the working-class.

  2. Explain the influence of social class and gender on educational achievement

    However the findings are still valuable. This argument is pursued by the cultural deprivation theory, stating that those at the bottom of the classroom are deprived or deficient in certain values, attitudes and skills essential for educational success and its affects are cumulative.

  1. 'why do some do better at school than others?' This essay explores the home ...

    There are many reasons for truancy for example it may be because their friends which influence them or put peer pressure on them, it maybe that their older siblings are in trouble with the police, or may be that they are get bullied at school and it is the only way off getting away from it.

  2. Critically assess explanations for differential educational achievement in relation to ethnicity

    As you can see there are wide differences in the family background, therefore it is understandable that there are differences in the characteristics of the schools attended by the ethnic groups. Schools with a poor exam performance are more likely to have a greater proportion of Afro-Caribbean, Bangladeshi and Pakistani

  1. Assess the view that gender differences in achievement are largely the result of changes ...

    Francis argues that while boys get more attention they are also disciplined more harshly by teachers. Therefore, it is seen that boys are more likely to be disciplined more harshly than girls, also in terms of ethnicity, boys from African Caribbean backgrounds are also more likely to be disciplined than white British boys.

  2. Outline and assess the view that processes within school results in differences in educational ...

    Pupils who are subjected to a barrage of bullying are likely to underperform in their education which results in differences in education between ethnic groups. Furthermore, Strand argued in a talk to the British educational research association that schools were institutionally racist.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work