• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and assess the view that the medias representation of ethnic minorities is becoming more positive.

Extracts from this document...


(b) Outline and assess the view that the media?s representation of ethnic minorities is becoming more positive. Today in countries such as those in Europe and North America, the relationship between the media and ethnic minorities is typically characterised by continuity, conflict and change. The mass media are a very powerful organisation within our society. In fact, several Sociologists argue that the mass media directly affects and shapes our beliefs and opinions through repeated exposure to print media news etc. Thus there are many differing views towards the way the media represents individuals in our society. Pluralists for example argue that the mass media only reflects public opinion, with no hidden ideological messages, whereas, Marxist commentators argue quite the contrary, and that the mass media purposefully influences people?s opinions and beliefs in society. In this essay I will evaluate and discuss the view that the media?s representation of ethnic minorities is becoming more positive. Bell Hooks (1992), (a feminist), states that there has been a small change in the area of representation. ...read more.


Van Dijk also points out that the media ignores the positive influence of ethnic minorities and cultures into British society and instead overemphasises the negatives. This therefore means that there are positive influences of ethnic minorities; however, the media doesn?t want to consider them and make the ethnic groups look good. In fact many sociologists have pointed out that it is a direct link between the negative stereotyping of ethnic minorities and the underachievement of afro-Caribbean students in education who are subsequently, the worst performing ethnic group within the education system. In particular a landmark study conducted by Gillborn and Youdell (2000) found that teachers had racialised expectations of black pupils, and saw their behaviour as threatening. This study was highly acclaimed and seems to suggest that teacher racism is one of the main factors affecting Afro-Caribbean student?s achievement in education. This would therefore seem to suggest that the negative media stereotyping reinforces the racialised expectations teachers have. ...read more.


The survey found that ethnic minorities accounted for a total of 7% of ethnic minorities in the UK whereas in the television media, 42% of characters on television programmes were of an ethnic minority. Thus Pluralists would argue that the media does not under-represent ethnic minorities and instead over-represents ethnic minorities. Moreover, Pluralists note that the media?s representation of ethnic minorities has improved in recent years. It would be reasonable to conclude, that the media, is positive in today?s generation in its representation of ethnic minorities. In addition to this, many studies have pointed out that the media seems to also negatively stereotype people of particular genders, class?, disabilities and ages and therefore is not only specific to ethnic origin. Thus it does appear that the media has negatively stereotyped ethnic minorities. However, many of the landmark studies were conducted in the previous 40 years or so. There has been an enormous social change over the last 30 years with various legislations passed protecting minority ethnic people?s rights, and further changes will definitely take place in the future ? making the media and the society more equal in its representations of minorities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Media section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Media essays

  1. The function of Education is to develop and reinforce social solidarity.

    Oakley believes that by the age of five, most children have a clear gender identity they know what gender they belong to and they have a clear idea about what constitiutes appropriate behaviour for that gender. For feminists the education system continues this socialisation process of constructing gender identity, they

  2. To what extent do the media effects an individual's self-identity?

    There are also lots of sources on media influences so I found research to be quite straightforward to explore. There were quotes from Marjorie Ferguson herself, so I had an insight into her opinions. The methods I used to research were appropriate.

  1. Moral Panic and media folk devils.

    Prince Charles publicly condemned computer gaming asking for funding in a campaign against it during the recent panic. However it appears the panic has no sense and careful consideration as the computer games industry is the fastest growing industry in Britain and any ban on computer games would have serious repercussions on the country's economy.

  2. The Effects of the Media on Criminal Behaviour

    a young offender of the deadly glove used by Freddie Krueger in Nightmare on Elm Street - but there is no firm evidence of the extent of such copycat behaviour." These sort of crimes cannot be blamed solely on the media, otherwise all children who watch violent media would go on to commit crime, however not all do.

  1. Do the Media have the power to shape public opinion?

    the less active sections of the population'[6] Initial studies of the 1940 presidential election campaign in the USA found that the media had negligible effects on the decision of the individual. Katz and Lazarsfeld studies women who had changed their vote opinion.

  2. To what extent do media representations of refugees and asylum seekers limit their integration ...

    essay will now attempt to link negative reporting with racist attitudes, before exploring how such racist attitudes limit the integration of asylum seekers and refugees within society. Previously the essay focussed on different aspects of negative reporting, including the use of derogatory language, the portrayal of overwhelming influxes of asylum

  1. What do the Pluralists say about the media generally?

    Marxists used to be seen as grand theorists; whereas Pluralists were viewed as number-crunchers because of their emphasis on empiricism. They started with totally opposing methods - but pluralists are now more prepared to examine the relationship between state institutions and the mass media.

  2. Explain and Discuss Moral Panics.

    However, moral panics are not a new phenomenon and the actions of certain segments of society, most notably youths, have often been seen as immoral and threatening to the accepted norms and patterns found within our culture. During the 1950s and 1960's there was widespread concern over the influence of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work