• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and assess the view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and transmit culture

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Outline and assess the view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and transmit culture. This essay will outline and asses the view that the view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and transmit culture. According to Bourdieu, the major of the education system is cultural reproduction. This does involve society as a whole, as Durkheim argued, but, instead, the reproduction of the culture of the ?dominant classes?. These groups have the power the power to ?impose meanings and to impose them as legitimate?. They are able to define there own culture as ?worthy of being sought and possessed?, and to establish is as the basis for knowledge in the educational system. The high value placed on dominant culture in society as a whole simply stems from the ability of the powerful to impose their definition of reality in other. The possession of dominant culture is referred to as cultural capital by Bourdieu. This is because via the education it can be translated into wealth and power. Children of dominant classes acquire skills and knowledge from pre-school which puts them in an advantage because they have the key to understanding what is being transmitted in the classroom. Bourdieu claims that, since the education system presupposes the possession of cultural capital, which few students in fact possess, there is a great deal of inefficiency in teaching. ...read more.

Middle

As a result the education system was creating and unimaginative and unquestioning workforce which could be easily manipulated by employers. Bowles and Gintis also believed that the hidden curriculum encourages an acceptance of hierarchy. Schools are organised on a hierarchical principle of authority and control. Students obey orders given to them by their teachers and they have little control over the subjects they study or how the study them. This prepares them for relationships within the workplace where, if workers are to stay out of, they will need to defer to the authority of supervisors and managers. At schools, students are taught to be motivated by extrinsic rewards which are the qualifications at the end of the process rather than intrinsic rewards which are enjoyment and interest in lessons. Lessons may involve dull exercises and worksheets. This prepares them for factory life which dull and repetitive. The wages are only thing that makes it worthwhile. Schoolwork is fragmented into different subjects. At the end of lessons students have to break off from unfinished tasks. Bowles and Gintis believe that in the factory the jobs have been broken down into very specific tasks carried out by separate individuals. In this way workers are denied knowledge of the overall productive process, which makes it impossible for them to set in competition with the employers. A fragmented and divided workforce is easier to control and it is easy to maintain this control because of the principle of divide and conquer. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bowles and Gintis (1976) argue that the major role of education in capitalist societies is the reproduction of labour power. According to them there is a ?close correspondence? between the workplace and the education system. Bowles and Gintis say that the major role of education is reproduce a docile, obedient and highly motivated workforce for the capitalist society. This workforce has to be divided and fragmented so it cannot challenge the authority of management. Bowles and Gintis can be criticised by saying that in Britain compulsory education was introduced long after the onset of industrialisation. Despite the fact that for a long time capitalists did not employ a workforce which had its attitudes and values shaped by education, the development of capitalism did not appear to be affected. Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist who said that the major function of education is the transmission of society?s norms and values. Durkheim can be criticized by saying that in recent decades both New Right and New Labour perspectives on education have tended to focus on the economic importance of education and have downplayed the significance of transmitting a shared culture. Paul Willis (1977) was a neo-Marxist who believed that the education system failed to manipulate the personality of the pupils and create the ideal worker. The Lads? also actively created their own subculture and voluntarily chose to look for manual jobs. This meant that education did not transmit culture to them and the ideal worker was not reproduced. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and assess Functionalist explanations of the role of the education system.

    4 star(s)

    to create a ?collective consciousness? through individual school ethos?s and uniforms, which are in operation to reduce conflict within society. Critically though, these could be seen as polices which aim to stabilise the school learning environment, as opposed to society.

  2. The education system is meritocratic

    and private schools which are also very middle class institutions and public schools which are too expensive for anyone outside the upper class and because these schools exist and have better funding and more money they can afford the best things to help students do well.

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    He found that the girls derived a lot of strength from the matriarchal family tradition in Jamaica. It seems that it is very important to have a role model that you can associate with, as this is also an issue of the low amount of ethnic minority teachers in the

  2. sociology of education

    This could be criticised as schools are often accused of not promoting a strong enough work ethic. Punctuality is also poor amongst pupils, along with a high level of truancy. In addition to this many pupils are guilty of poor attendance.

  1. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    They did not carry out detailed research of life in schools, just assuming that the hidden curriculum was influencing pupils. * They ignore the influence of the formal curriculum, Reynolds (1984) claims that much of the curriculum does not promote the development of the ideal employee under capitalism e.g.

  2. Sociology of Education

    in the UK (http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=434). There is clear evidence from these factors alone that there are many different reasons for differences in educational outcomes, however for the purpose of this assignment it will be the topic that I shall be concentrating on.

  1. Assess the view that the main function of education is to reproduce and legitimise ...

    A further reason is the labelling theory which adopts the idea that girls are seen as ?ideal? pupils, suggesting that they are generally more well-mannered, obedient and hard-working. The increasing amount of positive female role models present within the media and society in general means that pupils have high aspirations.

  2. Examine the Marxist view that the role of the education system is to reproduce ...

    Education forms The School, and it is seen as a ?bridge? between the family and ?the world of work?. It?s open to an equal opportunity for everybody so that they are liable to attain to their ability or performance and their effort to become ??inward mobile?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work