• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and Assess Whether stratification is either inevitable or beneficial to individuals and society?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sociology homework:-essay questions Outline and Assess Whether stratification is either inevitable or beneficial to individuals and society? Functionalism would argue that stratification is both inevitable and beneficial to individuals and society. Functionalist theorist such as Davies and Moore say that stratification is a permanent and universal feature of human societies, and this is because it is functionally necessary. They go on to say that stratification is inevitable because every society faces the task of 'placing' people, i.e. putting people in jobs that they are suited to and are able to carry out efficiently. In order for society to motivate these people to carry out these important jobs respectably they offer higher rewards, such as higher status and higher income. For example a company director supervises hundreds of employee's while a bin man makes sure the bins are being emptied properly, the company director could easily do the bin mans job, however the bin man wouldn't be able to do his job as it takes skills and the certain type of person to be in a job like his. This incorporates Davies and Moore second idea of the scarcity of personnel. This refers to the fact that not everyone has the talent or ability to become a lawyer or a doctor, or keep up with the long training of such careers. ...read more.

Middle

Karl Marx goes onto say that capitalism will be replaced by a communist society, where means of production are commonly owned. In evaluation of this we can see that this hasn't happened like Karl Marx predicted. However he goes on to say that this transition to communism will not be straightforward because it requires revolutionary action by the proletariat. This isn't going to be easy according to Marx as the bourgeoisie uses the media and education system to suppress the workers and to stop this from happening. They create false class consciousness i.e. the workers don't know that they are being exploited. Eventually though Marxists believe that class consciousness will develop and that workers will relies they are being exploited and will rise up and change society for the better i.e. getting rid of capitalism. Marx believes class consciousness will develop for several reasons. Firstly there is a basic contradiction in capitalist societies between the interests of the workers and the capitalists. Secondly Workers will be concentrated in large factories so the ruling class can exploit them even more, on the other hand this will make it easier for the workers to communicate with one another and to organize a resistance. Another reason class consciousness will develop is because the inequalities will become more obvious as the rich will be continually getting richer while the poor get poorer as their being exploited more. ...read more.

Conclusion

Pakulski and waters argue that people now exercise more choice about what type of people they want to be, i.e. gender, ethnicity, age and religion and family role interact and the impact with consumption and media images to construct post-modern culture and identity. The problem that can be seen with this theory is that it all sounds correct in theory however when it come to real life, it doesn't work out like this. This is because you can choose what type of person you want to be i.e. eating caviar for lunch and driving fast cars however all these thing cost money and so if you haven't got the money to do these things you cant live the lifestyle you want. Another criticism that Gordon Marshall points out is that post-modernists lack empirical evidence i.e. if they looked at the evidence they would see that in fact class is quite a potent force. Mike savage agrees with this and although he does think that traditional theories of class such as Marxism and Weber are outmoded he does believe that class remains massively important. In conclusion there are some points to suggest that stratification is inevitable such as functionalism and that it is beneficial such as functionalism and New right perspective . However there are also points from other theories that it isn't inevitable i.e. Marxists and Weber and that it doesn't benefit society i.e. Marxists. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Critically assess the view that social stratification benefits the powerful groups in society

    They would argue that individual actions are a product of these social institutions socialising people into cultural values and norms, and as a result their actions are patterned and predictable (Giddens, 2006). Functionalists also see institutions such as employment organisations as allocating people to roles in which they can contribute to the running of society.

  2. Outline and Assess the Usefulness of Conflict Theories in Explaining Social Class Inequalities in ...

    In society, people have different innate abilities and talents. Some positions are more functionally important than others so only those few with the necessary skills can fill them. These functionally important positions take a large amount training and loss of income but they have rewards to compensate for such sacrifices.

  1. Modern Britain is now a secular society

    and cults is interpreted as evidence of secularization, because of the fragmentation of religious practice. Sects and cults appear and disappear with great regularity and this type of religious participation is interpreted as a general institutional weakening of the role of religion because people seem to have little overall commitment to these types of religious organizations.

  2. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    therefore in our days the government still focuses on the evil five within today's society however when the government makes a speech within the elections on how all the major parties give attention to these five phases that are listed above within there speeches.

  1. The issue of two interwoven entities - personal identity and ethnicity

    a new civilization, not homogeneous or 'Americanized', but one in which each group has a full awareness of its culture.

  2. What are the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionist theory of stratification?

    It is clear that conflict theory is against the stratification. While Marxism had huge impact on the world, Weber had most of his impact on the sociology and other sociologist theories (Wallas & Wolf 2011). From my society, I could name many Marxists, but no single 'Weberist'.

  1. This essay will evaluate three groups within society; the Feminists, Postmodernists and the Marxists, ...

    The ?medical gaze? didn?t only occur inside the clinics, there were concerns that the gaze not only explored localised pathologies but also observed social networks and relationships. The postmodernist view of society focuses on an individual's right to make

  2. Should we assume that stratification is natural and therefore inevitable? Is class merely about ...

    Four types of social stratification caste, class and estates. Social stratification always remains natural because these four types of stratifications is followed. First three types of stratifications depends on religious and legally sanctioned inequalities and class divisions are not officially recognised, but stem from economic factors affecting the material circumstances of people?s lives[3].

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work