• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate the interactionist view of education (40 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and evaluate the interactionist view of education (40 marks) Interactionism is a micro theory that focuses on the interactions that take place between people on a daily basis. People build up pictures of others and apply labels categorising them possibly being influential towards that person's behaviour if they are aware they are being labelled. Interactionists are concerned with teachers applying labels to their students and how the labels effect the pupil's achievement at school. According to interactionist sociologists such as Keddie imply that teachers are more likely to label middle class pupils as bright and intelligent and view them as the ideal pupil whereas working class children and children from other ethnic backgrounds are more likely to get negative labels such as unintelligent or failures. However not all teachers label students as they are aware of the changes it can have on a pupils performance during education. ...read more.

Middle

This is where they develop norms and values to suit the label and behave accordingly. Evidence suggests pupils build up their self image of their ability in school from messages they receive at school whether its formal or informal and act upon the messages. Rosenthal & Jacobson wanted to test this theory by administering IQ tests to students in a school in California. 20% of the students were selected at random as being spurters, to make rapid academic progress. A year later the tests were re-done and it had shown that the children who'd been labelled as spurters had shown greater gains in IQ than pupils who hadn't been labelled. However, some sociologists such as Fuller argue that people do not automatically fulfil their label. She researched a group of black girls in an inner city London school and found that the girls resented the negative labels and worked hard to prove the teachers wrong. ...read more.

Conclusion

Research shows that children in low ability groups may form anti-school subcultures because they cannot reach any academic goals the school wish for students to achieve so they reject them and replace them with their own deviant values. Hargreaves suggests that an emergence of subcultures is used as a way of achieving status and gaining attention, not necessarily positive attention either. Willis found that those in a subculture are not as a result of labelling, but as a rejection of the contract offered by the school. To support this Furlong suggests that pupils do not behave consistently in a subculture, thus conformist pupils may behave deviantly towards an easily influenced teacher. To conclude, Marxists argue that Interactionists do not explain where the labels come from. Mac an Ghaill states that Interactionists ignore other social characteristics such as ethnicity and social class. Also outside of school factors are ignored and are not taken into consideration when discussing views on education from an Interactionists point of view. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Outline and evaluate Functionalism view of education

    The most talented who are able to gain the highest qualification, will gain entry to the most important and highly rewarded positions. Although Turmin criticises Davis and Moore for putting forward a circular argument. For example how do we know that a job is important? Because it is highly reward.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    I set out to find this out by using unstructured interviews because I wanted an in-depth view into the reasons for ethnic minority underachievement. As this was a micro investigation I was more focused on obtaining a lot of valid information.

  1. Assess the usefulness of interactionist approaches to the study of society

    some teachers are easy going, whereas others decide to be more strict; same role, but different ways of playing them. Goffman?s theory is useful, but it does have its limitations. Everyone has the role of both the actor and the audience.

  2. Assess the usefulness of an Interactionists perspective on education.

    Some studies show that teachers often attach labels regardless of ability or attitude. Instead they label pupils on the basis of stereotyped assumptions about their class background, labelling working class negatively and middle class positively. Interactionists are interested in how and why teachers label pupils, and the effects it has.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work