• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and explain how the roles of women in the families may have altered since 1945. [15]

Extracts from this document...


Homework for the 4th November 2011 January 2009- (A)- Outline and explain how the roles of women in the families may have altered since 1945. [15] In 1945, there was a clear division in labour as it was found that families had segregated conjugal roles. Segregated conjugal roles were found in the traditional nuclear family where the husband was the 'Breadwinner', and the wife stayed at home as a housewife and took care of the kids. Parsons (1955) believed that the husband had an instrumented role of providing for his family functionally as the 'Breadwinner' and that the wives had expressive roles geared towards primary socialization of children and roles geared towards meeting the families emotional needs. The wife was known as 'The homemaker'. Parsons believed that the division of labour was based on biological differences as he believed that women were more naturally suited to the nurturing role. ...read more.


They argued that there had been a long -term trend away from segregated conjugal roles and new trends towards joint conjugal roles and the 'symmetrical family'. This was a clear alteration from the conjugal roles of women in families in 1945. However, in 1974, a feminist called Ann Oakley criticised Young and Willmott's view and claimed that the rise of the 'New Man' was exaggerated greatly. In Oakley's research, she found that most of the husbands that they interviewed 'helped', but only with the fun activities. She discovered that only 15% of husbands had a high level of participation in housework which contradicts Young and Willmott's theory that joint conjugal roles were over-powering separate conjugal roles. Also Oakley stated that the housewife role was socially constructed, rather than being women's 'natural' role, which again contradicts Parsons Theory. ...read more.


They found that women were 30 times more likely to be the last person to have done the washing. This research underlines that even though there had be a change in the conjugal roles, women were still the main 'Homemakers'. I conclude that the roles of women have changed from 1945 as women have gained more freedom by leaving the house and working and the divided conjugal roles have been made less common in the present day as the world is more characterised by full-time and part-time workers of both sexes. The introduction of the 'New Man' changed people's views that women are the 'Homemakers' and men are the 'Breadwinners' which led to a 'Genderquake'. However, many people argue that there is still a clear division between the conjugal roles in the house as women are still expected to do the household chores and look after the kids and men are still expected to be the 'Breadwinners'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900.

    There have been fluctuations in the death rates; these fluctuations took place during the two world wars. Also the influenza epidemic raised the deaths to a record level of 690,000. The death rate began falling in 1870 to 1930 it then rose slightly between the 1930-40?s this was because of the economic depression.

  2. Conjugal roles - I have interviewed my grandmother Joyce to find out about the ...

    I was aware that although Jon loved the children, he didn?t have much time for them emotionally so I had to get the balance right for being there for him and the children as well. Joyce married in 1949 just after World War II.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work