• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline & Evaluate the Marxist view of crime (45 Marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline & Evaluate the Marxist view of crime (45 Marks) Marxism is based on the fact that all institutions of society are set up and run to benefit the bourgeoisie, because the upper class dominates society. The upper class' main concern is to maintain profit and control within their institutions. The upper class controls the organisation that passes laws in the country and will pass laws merely to benefit their pockets. Actions that are defined as criminal are decided on by the upper class. According to Marxists, justice is a ruling class myth because of the large amount of bias in the justice system. They also argue that the police force is an agent of the upper class and that the police focus on working class crime as it's easy to target on the streets. This makes the lower classes look more criminal-like. When upper class criminals are caught they are given more lenient sentences than the working class as judges tend to be brought up within an upper class family. The nature of a capitalist society encourages working class citizens to commit crime because it generates greed and a dog eat dog attitude. ...read more.

Middle

Laws are also passed which do have an affect on the higher classes, otherwise too many crimes like fraud would be carried out and left alone so that corporate and white collar crime would spiral out of control and our society would not benefit from this. Functionalists look at crime differently and say that our society is run using a value consensus, where rules are not imposed but everyone has a general agreement on what is right on wrong. Another way in which Marxists contribute to our understanding of crime is by explaining how the upper class controls the criminal justice system. All classes in the hierarchy commit crime yet the working class are more likely to be caught and punished due to working class crimes such as burglary and drug offences tend to take place in the public domain and are easier to police. The police also tend to focus on working class areas as the official statistics suggest that the working class commit more crime than any other class. Sutherland argues that white collar crimes and corporate crimes tend to go unnoticed as these crimes are never committed within the public domain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Crime is seen as a rational response to breakdown in a capitalist society. Crime is not an activity that is only seen in a capitalist type of society, communistic run governments will also experience crime. Switzerland is also a capitalist society yet experiences one of the lowest crime rates in the world. Neo Marxists accuse Marxists of economic determinism, arguing that human behaviour is determined by the economic system, plus ignoring the ability of humans making rational choices, determining their own fate. Also, many working class citizens do not commit crime; they go about life using legitimate means. Marxists tend to focus on the link between crime and class, yet they ignore influences such as ethnicity and gender. The Marxist view of crime has been very influential and highlights some important issues present in the criminal justice system. It is difficult to criticise the Marxist perspective of crime, as a lot of it can be explained by false class consciousness. However, it has been criticised as being a one sided debate and ignored other social variables that are relevant and should be included. The Marxist view also tends to ignore real causes and damage. The Marxist perspective of crime is still useful as class is still relevant in today's society and reveals that middle class crime may be largely underestimated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    They argue the causes of crime lie in the unequal structure of society and major structural changes are needed if we want to reduce levels of offending. For example young argues we must deal with inequality of opportunity and the unfairness of rewards, tackle discrimination, provide decent jobs for everyone, and improve housing and community facilities.

  2. Asses the Marxist Perspective on Crime

    gain, explaining them as an expression of the frustration produced by demeaning and unsatisfying work. For those who are most affected by the system's unequal distribution of wealth, crime can be seen simply as a means for survival. According to Marxists, the state passes laws which protect the interests and

  1. Assess the right realist view that crime is the result of biological rational factors ...

    Marxists argue also that left wing theorists fail to explain corporate crime, which is much more harmful even if less conspicuous. The essay question has aimed to question if crime is the result of biological factors and therefore best solved by formal social control (such as the police), or if

  2. Assess the view that crime is functional, inevitable and normal

    He used the term 'strain' to describe a lack of balance and adjustment in society. When attributing this term to his theory, he referred to a strain between the socially accepted goals of society and the socially approved ways of obtaining these goals.

  1. Assess the view that crime is functional, inevitable and normal.

    Thus the collective sentiments must not be sufficiently powerful to block the expression of people like Jesus, William Wilberforce, Martin Luther King and Mother Teresa. Durkheim regarded some crime as and anticipation of the morality of the future. Hence heretics who were denounced by both the state and the established church may represent the collective sentiments of the future.

  2. Identify five sentences that are available to the courts.

    Specific deterrence refers to the discouragement of the actual perpetrator of the crime to re-offend. Rehabilitation - This is to restore a person. For example, if the offender has committed a crime it will give them the opportunity to redeem his or herself, and to one day go back into society, restored as a law abiding citizen.

  1. It has been claimed that hate crimes are an 'Orwellian response to prejudice'. How ...

    Supporters argue that when free speech conflicts with other people's rights, and is used in a way that discriminates against others these people must be prosecuted. There has to be some limits to how far free speech can go.

  2. The purpose of this report is to evaluate and reflect upon my experience of ...

    Resolving Social Conflicts Selected Papers on Group Dynamics. New York: Harper and Brothers. Pennington, D., (2002) The Social Psychology of Behaviour in Small Groups.Hove: Psychology Press limited. Zander, A., (1982) Making groups Effective. London: Jossey-Bass Publishers. Group Log 21st May 2012 We are given the task which is a presentation on Healthcare in the 21st century.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work