• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the view that white-collar and corporate crime are under-represented in criminal statistics.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the view that white-collar and corporate crime are under-represented in criminal statistics. Crime is breaking the law. Crime statistics are measured in two ways in Britain. Firstly by Police recorded crimes and Secondly by British crime surveys. Police recorded crimes are crimes recorded by the police from which official statistics on crime are drawn, whereas British crime survey is a victim study, which asks people if they have been a victim of particular crimes. In this is essay I will be supporting the view that white-collar crimes and corporate crimes are under-represented in the criminal statistics. I will be looking at how and why corporate crimes and white collar crimes are under-represented, and provide evidence for my argument. I will also look at different theories to support my view e.g. Marxists, Strain theory and Subcultural theory. White collar crimes are committed by people of high social status and respectability in the course of their occupations (Edwin Sutherland -1960). ...read more.

Middle

(Croall, 2001). In Bhopal, in 1984, an escape of poisonous gas from a chemical plant killed more than 3,000 people and caused permanent injury to a further 20,000. The escape of gas was caused by inadequate safety procedures of the plant. No criminal charges were brought against the company when it agreed to pay $470 million in compensation to victims and their families. This shows that although the affect of corporate crimes are huge, people are rarely prosecuted. White collar crimes are given more lenient punishment e.g. they may be given a fine, a short sentence in an open prison and punished with community service. Marxists would also support this view and argue that there is one law for the poor and another for the rich. I will now argue why these white-collar and corporate crimes are under-represented in official statistics. Firstly the police are more likely to concentrate on offenders from the least powerful sections of society (e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows that these crimes are different because it is harder to pinpoint the blame on an individual. Strain theory argues that middle class people experience relative deprivation when they make comparisons with those better off than themselves so they turn to crime. So due to this there is a strain to anomie and pressure to turn to illegal means (Merton), whereas Subcultural theory argues that many corporations have a subculture that emphasis the pursuit of wealth and profit and the pressure to succeed leads to criminal acts. Marxists would agree argues that crime committed by the bourgeoisie is more likely to go unnoticed, with even the smallest of offences being punished when being committed by the proletariat. They argue that the law reflects the interests of the ruling class. Crimes of the powerful such as corporate crime e.g. failing to pay tax would be rarely prosecuted whereas those at the bottom of the class system are regularly prosecuted. This means that there is one law for the rich and one for the poor. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. How far does Becker's account (The Outsiders 1963) of the processes underlying the selective ...

    that is being interfered with"5 This quotation can help to explain the situation of the Trobriand Islanders and the concept of whistle blowing. Rules are the products of someone's initiative and Becker labels these people who exhibit such enterprise as 'moral entrepreneurs'.

  2. Are women underrepresented in crime statistics because of sexism within the criminal justice system?

    Likewise, Roger Hood's study of 3,000 defendants found that men were three times more likely to be jailed and Hilary Allen found that women often escape prison sentences in very serious cases, such as manslaughter, whereas males are likely to be convicted.

  1. Criminal Investigation Procedures

    interview along with an audiotape, these will be evaluated and used as evidence in court. Interview Questions 1. Before this interview begins do we need to informed of any hearing or speech difficulties? 2. If so could you specify your needs.

  2. What explanations have been suggested for occupational crime? Is it different from conventional ...

    The four categories are; Hawks, donkeys, wolves and vultures. Hawks have a weak grid and weak group. Examples include businessmen and salesmen. Occupations that emphasise individuality, autonomy and competition belong to Hawks fiddling in the workplace can often be a reason why the hawks business works.

  1. Using the seminar case study material consider to what extent train crashes such as ...

    Factors brought out in this case were that the driver did not have sufficient training and there was an evident communication barrier which resulted in the train going through the red light. This resulted in the death of thirty-one people including both drivers.

  2. Why does white collar and corporate crime tend to go undetected,Or if detected not ...

    Another reason it can be difficult to detect corporate crime is that directors within a corporation are unlikely to report

  1. Critically discuss the practical and ethical difficulties involved when researching White Collar Crime. Give ...

    upheaval as associating the upper classes to criminal activity was far from normative and could have been perceived as some what quite radical in theory. Weisburd & Schlegel (1992) focused on the implications of socioeconomic status and crime and implied that part of the reasoning behind Sutherland's definition of White

  2. The Application Of Forensic Science In the Detection of Crime

    The examination of human hairs in the forensic laboratory is conducted using a light microscope - the questioned and known hairs are examined with the comparison microscope, two light microscopes connected with an optical bridge. Similarities (or differences) between hair found at a crime scene and other samples are therefore a useful tool.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work