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Q. Describe the employment opportunities for women at the outbreak of war in 1914?

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Q. Describe the employment opportunities for women at the outbreak of war in 1914? When the Fist World War broke out in 1914, 5.9 million women were working in Britain out of the total female population of 23.7 million. The most common jobs that women worked in were domestic services, textiles and the 'sweated trades' although they did work in other jobs such as teaching and nurse those were the most common. Women worked in these jobs as inferiors and were paid two-thirds or less of a man's wage. In 1914, women's education was not advanced. The compulsory free school stopped at the age of twelve and so most girls would go to school until the age of twelve and then stop. ...read more.


The most common jobs that women worked in after they left school were domestic services and about 1.5 million worked in them in 1914. Some of the servants worked in poor conditions. They lived in cramped conditions in the houses that they worked in and worked long hours as cleaner, cooks and chambermaids. Their wages were very low and they often only got half a day in a month off. Domestic services attracted many lower class women because the jobs didn't require a high level of education. The next most popular jobs were in the textiles industry, about 900,000 women worked in them. The textiles industry was a big employer of women because women were cheap labor and they could supervise the spinning and weaving machines as effectively as men. ...read more.


For that case the majority of the middle class and higher class women didn't work and only worked as governess and nursery school teachers if their family lost their money. There were some professions that women were not allowed to work in such the army, doctors and the government because they were thought to not competent. In conclusion, at the outbreak of in 1914, it generally was not difficult for a woman to get a job in all classes but they had to put up with the worst conditions and lower pay often two- thirds a man's wages or even less plus society did not think that they were as capable as men and so were treated as inferior. Mostly women did not have a higher education than the age of twelve as a consequence they were not given a chance to prove they were capable. ...read more.

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