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Religious organisationsQ 6. To what extent do sociological arguments & evidence support this view of the relationship between religious beliefs, religious organisations & social groups?

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Q 6. To what extent do sociological arguments & evidence support this view of the relationship between religious beliefs, religious organisations & social groups? Individual's religiosity can emphasise different aspects of religion e.g. religious beliefs rather than religious commitment may be due to mobility issues as found in the cases of elderly people. Also in a rapidly changing postmodern society where there's an increase in the demand of geographically mobile labour force and or due to other reasons religion can provide a sacred canopy for individuals as to protect them from life crises. Weber argues that ethnic minorities turn to religion more because in an alien domain where their marginalised religion provides them with a theodicy of disprivilege, however this point has been criticised by contemporary sociologist who believe that because they migrate from developing countries that are not as exposed to rationalisation that greatly the individuals are not yet as disenchanted by religion. Some immigrants may come from a country governed under theocracy; Weber used the word ecclesia meaning the country is closely connected to the state, therefore their religiosity was enforced into their ideologies due to the cultural environment they came from. ...read more.


However now due to the increase in pluralism contemporary religion gets its strength from individualistic communities. Further evaluation of Bruce comes from Chryssides who also argues that religion remains strong within ethnic minorities and claims that when people migrate to a new country they have 3 paths: apostasy (where particular sets of religious beliefs are abandoned in a hostile environment), accommodation (religious practices adopted to take account change in situation) and renewed vigour (religion is reasserted more strongly as a response to actual or perceived hostility towards it). It's found that accommodation and renewed vigour are the most commonly used approaches. Survey conducted into ethnic minorities by Modood found and supports the views that ethnic minority groups are more religious compared to white groups. However this idea has been criticised by modern sociologist because Polish immigrants are white, therefore don't receive a racial discrimination as bad as other groups, very religious individuals. Modood argues that religion maintains a sense of community and cultural identity within ethnic minorities; by providing them with a sacred canopy which shelters them from globalisation which leads to religious pluralism creating a sense of homelessness therefore religion act as a bulwark against anomie (Berger). ...read more.


E.g. Afro-Caribbean's are seen as the typical criminal therefore religion for them may act as an opiate dulling the pain and rage. Social groups and religiosity can also be seen in social class as the middle class is disproportionately Anglican and Quaker compared with a more Roman Catholic or Methodist working class; this is the outcome of the popularity in Victorian industrial cases which are regarded as the golden age. These can be seen across countries such as the US which can be linked into Weber's view of the relationship between Protestantism and capitalism; 'Protestantism is the seed bed of capitalism'. Religiosity for the middle classes emphasis commitment and membership and religious affiliation is seen as socially desirable therefore religion is the means by which they maintain their prestigious impression. Furthermore churches provide opportunity to expand upon your social capital. Bruce found that cults are primarily middle class ass they provide salvation to relatively deprived individuals fulfilling their spiritual needs, as they have no financial worries. In comparison working classes who are in material deprivation are provided with a compensational feeling through religion which allows them to defer their gratification (Stark and Bainbridge). ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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