• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Religious organisationsQ 6. To what extent do sociological arguments & evidence support this view of the relationship between religious beliefs, religious organisations & social groups?

Extracts from this document...


Q 6. To what extent do sociological arguments & evidence support this view of the relationship between religious beliefs, religious organisations & social groups? Individual's religiosity can emphasise different aspects of religion e.g. religious beliefs rather than religious commitment may be due to mobility issues as found in the cases of elderly people. Also in a rapidly changing postmodern society where there's an increase in the demand of geographically mobile labour force and or due to other reasons religion can provide a sacred canopy for individuals as to protect them from life crises. Weber argues that ethnic minorities turn to religion more because in an alien domain where their marginalised religion provides them with a theodicy of disprivilege, however this point has been criticised by contemporary sociologist who believe that because they migrate from developing countries that are not as exposed to rationalisation that greatly the individuals are not yet as disenchanted by religion. Some immigrants may come from a country governed under theocracy; Weber used the word ecclesia meaning the country is closely connected to the state, therefore their religiosity was enforced into their ideologies due to the cultural environment they came from. ...read more.


However now due to the increase in pluralism contemporary religion gets its strength from individualistic communities. Further evaluation of Bruce comes from Chryssides who also argues that religion remains strong within ethnic minorities and claims that when people migrate to a new country they have 3 paths: apostasy (where particular sets of religious beliefs are abandoned in a hostile environment), accommodation (religious practices adopted to take account change in situation) and renewed vigour (religion is reasserted more strongly as a response to actual or perceived hostility towards it). It's found that accommodation and renewed vigour are the most commonly used approaches. Survey conducted into ethnic minorities by Modood found and supports the views that ethnic minority groups are more religious compared to white groups. However this idea has been criticised by modern sociologist because Polish immigrants are white, therefore don't receive a racial discrimination as bad as other groups, very religious individuals. Modood argues that religion maintains a sense of community and cultural identity within ethnic minorities; by providing them with a sacred canopy which shelters them from globalisation which leads to religious pluralism creating a sense of homelessness therefore religion act as a bulwark against anomie (Berger). ...read more.


E.g. Afro-Caribbean's are seen as the typical criminal therefore religion for them may act as an opiate dulling the pain and rage. Social groups and religiosity can also be seen in social class as the middle class is disproportionately Anglican and Quaker compared with a more Roman Catholic or Methodist working class; this is the outcome of the popularity in Victorian industrial cases which are regarded as the golden age. These can be seen across countries such as the US which can be linked into Weber's view of the relationship between Protestantism and capitalism; 'Protestantism is the seed bed of capitalism'. Religiosity for the middle classes emphasis commitment and membership and religious affiliation is seen as socially desirable therefore religion is the means by which they maintain their prestigious impression. Furthermore churches provide opportunity to expand upon your social capital. Bruce found that cults are primarily middle class ass they provide salvation to relatively deprived individuals fulfilling their spiritual needs, as they have no financial worries. In comparison working classes who are in material deprivation are provided with a compensational feeling through religion which allows them to defer their gratification (Stark and Bainbridge). ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Assess the view that cults, sects and new age movement are fringe organisations that ...

    moving away from unconventional sects and are contacting more and more with the enemy. This suggests they are not influencing society's ways as they are conforming more into what modern society is like. Is there really any point in these groups anyway then?

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    This is because teachers are more negative towards black and Indian minority children, compared to white children. The majority of cases are of ethnic minority children being punished too quickly without issue. This happens because the teachers don't understand, and often they don't take the time to understand".

  1. Critically examine the relationship between gender, religious participation and religious organisations

    Members of society started to believe in monotheism, (a belief in one god) rather than polytheism (the belief in more than god) and this one God was seen as a male figure. This evidence suggests that women have not always been subservient to men in religion.


    Mental illness may have multiple causes, including cognitive and behavioural causes. The biological approach does not take these into consideration. It is always dangerous to reduce a complex phenomenon to a single explanation (reductionism). Greater emphasis should be placed on a patient's personal feelings and experiences.

  1. Assess the nature and extent of secularization in society today. Evidence surrounding church attendance ...

    Secondly, people's greater involvement with broader society in which they live leads them to look far more widely for services. Lastly, social fragmentation leads to uncertainty and questioning of religion, leading to more choice. Bruce gave the example of harvest festivals in his village in 1898 and 1998.

  2. Assess the view that religious beliefs and practices are changing to reflect a new ...

    As a result of Hervieu-Leger argues that two new religious types are emerging, the new religious types being, pilgrims and converts. Pilgrims follow an individual path in the search for self-discovery and converts join religious beliefs that offer a strong sense of belonging usually based on a shared ethnic background or religious doctrine.

  1. Introduction to social policy-To what extent is social policy fair?

    Marxists see social policy a being a form of social control over the ethnic minority working class, pushing the unemployed into accepting low paid jobs, where as black feminists see social policy as a form of social control over women.

  2. Assess the view that sociological arguments and evidence support functionalist views of the role ...

    This idea however links in with Weber?s idea of the ?Theodicy of disprivilege. This is the view that religion appeals to the poor by giving them the hope of earning a better life for after they die whilst on earth.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work