• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social Class and Identity 1. The working class are associated mainly with the labour party and trade unions

Extracts from this document...


Mrs Young 28th December 2005 Revision of the work by Bowles and Gintis and Paul Willis. 1 2 3 4 (Key Term unsure of: Eclectic) (a) Legitimation is conforming to the laws and rules of society. (b) Wearing uniform is an example of the correspondence principle. Students in school must wear uniform in preparation for the workplace, as some professions require you to wear a particular uniform. Similarly, schools exclude children that badly misbehave or who are not punctual and workplaces fire people who misbehave or break the rules. Therefore school is preparing you for the workplace. (c) Meritocracy teaches that rewards and success come to those who work hard and conform to society. Sociologists Bowels and Gintis believe that this is a myth. They disagree that our education system is run like this. They believe that high grades and success are achieved on a basis of class, gender and culture. ...read more.


They have lost the hostility they once held against capitalism. 2. These are typical working class people; shown here in the soap drama 'Eastenders,' running a market stall. 3. The underclass are different from the working class because they rely on state benefit as their means of financial income. The working class mainly have job security as they do the jobs that are vital to maintain society. Saunders describes the underclass as those who are in badly paid or casual jobs, the unemployed, and single parents. Saunders suggests that the culture and identity of this underclass revolve around being work-shy and dependant on the welfare benefits provided by the state. Not all sociologists believe that there is an underclass. Jordan suggests that those living in poverty have the same views about work and family as everyone else. Research has shown that the poor often feel shame and guilt about having to ask others for help, it is a loss of their dignity. ...read more.


On the other hand, surveys of clerical workers indicated that they see themselves as Middle Class as they rarely mix with manual workers and spend their leisure time and money in quite different ways. 8. According to Mackintosh and Mooney it is hard to identify the upper class. They said ' wealth and privilege are not very visible.' They suggested that we can identify the upper class mainly by how powerful in society they are. 9. Children born into the upper class learn distinct ways of speaking, mannerisms, attitudes, values and ways of seeing the world that clearly distinguish them from other classes. They learn that they have security, control, and power over the lives of others. This lifestyle results in self-confidence and a sense of social superiority. 10. 11. The upper class practices social closure, it is self recruiting in that entry to the class is not the result of merit. Entry is restricted to those with a social background deemed 'worthy' by the upper class. 12. ?? ?? ?? ?? Heather Dennis 12AI ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Comment on the strength and weakness of the social security system in Hong Kong

    The schemes later included the unemployed registered for work. In the early years, the number of claimants had grown considerably. Most of them were the elderly with little or no support from their families. And the benefits had been increased and the range of circumstances covered had been extended.

  2. Describe and Discuss Gender Inequality in Contemporary Society with reference to the Labour Market

    According to the Office for National Statistics, the pay gap between men and women in full-time work has increased to 17.1% since 2007 (The Guardian,15/11/08). The median full-time gross weekly earnings per week for men in 2007 were �498, whilst for women they stood at �395.

  1. Multi-agency working

    aid integration and ensure that the well being of the young person is placed as a priority. The "Every Child Matters" Initiative goes beyond schools and encourages integration at all levels for young people and their families. This includes schools, early year's services and disabilities as well as both YOT and Connexions.

  2. The recent rise in support for NRMS comes mainly from an increased desire to ...

    New religious movements arise during periods of social change, in which traditional norms are disrupted and social relationships lack meaning. An example of this is of the early Methodist movement. Wilson sees the rise of Methodism as the response of the urban working class to the "chaos and uncertainty of life in the newly settled industrial areas".


    the extent to which the prevailing education system reflected and acted to reinforce the class system. They sought to demonstrate that the private sector within education allows those who are already in superior social positions to ensure that, for the most part, their children remain in superior positions.

  2. In "Those Bastards" Simon Armitage writes about the fear that upper classes have upon ...

    By the long "o" in the word "ignored" we can feel that the disregard had taken place really long and as a result the voice has to try to be on the other side, to be the "God". In this passage, Duffy indicates that after a period of silence ("being ignored")

  1. Views on Human Nature and the Division of Labour

    Rousseau notes several divisions of labour occurring in various aspects of society. Each occurrence triggers another. The first division of labour is evident in manual labour, between the strong and the weak: "[since] the strongest were probably the first to make themselves lodgings they felt capable of defending, presumably the

  2. Should schools require their students to wear a school uniform?

    In institutions without uniform students are often competitive and worry endlessly about their appearance and the clothes they should wear. Pupils without expensive designer clothes and trainers may be singled out as social outcasts, or stigmatised as being from poor backgrounds.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work