• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social classes and education

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐John Barry The influence of the social class on educational achievement Alina Antonova 18.10.2012 ________________ The influence of the social class on educational achievement There are considered to be three social classes: upper class, middle class and working class. Many scientists believe that social class differences influence educational achievement. The Bourdieu?s theory of class distinction is one of the improvements of this idea. It was described in his book ?La Distinction? and translated into English by Richard Nice in 1984. Bourdieu claims that aesthetic choices both create class-based social groups or ?class fractions?, and actively distance people from one class to another. He argues that dominant groups have more affluent cultural capital, which is personified in schools. So, students with such cultural capital use it to increase educational resources in the form of qualifications. Whereas, students from the lower classes are consequently disadvantaged and they have to increase their cultural capital to get a good job. So, all advantages and disadvantages below will show how social class influence educational achievement. Cultural Deprivation Cultural deprivation is a popular theme to argue between scientists. It only can be decided that somebody ?culturally deprived? by having a clear idea of what is normal in society. ...read more.


?The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.? 2) ?Discrimination or prejudice based on race.? Both of them refer to encroach on the person?s rights. This also includes negative stereotypes that members of a certain group are aggressive or appalling. Usually it causes by non-acceptance of cultural differences. One Britain study revealed that in the majority of school white people were more likely to be put in GCSEs than Asian or African offspring. While children from the work background were put to the lower sets. David Gillborn?s research (1990) proves it. He spent two years studying comprehensive school and interviewing teachers as well as students. Gillborn revealed that the majority of teachers perceived students differently. For instance, African-Carribean students are always evaluated worse than others. Consequently, they know teachers? attitude towards them in advance and achieve not as well as other pupils. They were often aggressive and out of control. ?Boys are often in the lower sets due to the behavior, not because of knowledge and it is unfair?,-telling Mac an Ghail. One more substantial problem which children facing are understated grades. ...read more.


Whereas middle class students are more social, have better speech patterns and are active in their studies. School for them is considered as a ?second home? because they were prepared at home by their parents and have a solid school foundation. Middle class parents are more interested in their children?s education and are more likely to be involved in their way of thinking. Upper class parents essentially do not involve themselves in their children?s school life. Reay argues this is due to the fact that they have enough money to afford personal tutors or private education for their offspring. Conclusion In conclusion, there are many effects of social classes on children?s educational achievements. As it can be seen, middle class families have the most involved parents. They are always trying to take care of their children; to make their school life easier and enjoyable. Whereas parents from the upper class are slightly different and do not pay deep attention to the achievements of their children. Due to these different backgrounds, social classes and cultural capitals children face a lot of difficulties in education. Nevertheless, it is doubtful that society will be changed, but governments should try to prevent evaluating children by their nationalities and treat everybody as an equal individual. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The variations in educational performance between different social groups

    From his conclusions, Douglas stated that that during primary socialization, middle-class children received greater attention and stimulus from their parents and that this " formed the basis for high achievement in the educational system". The National Children's Bureau (4) carried out a study based on a nationwide survey of children born in a particular week of March 1946.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Murza in her study 'Young, Female and Black' (1992) descried very few teachers as overt racists, and they girls she was studying tired to avoid them as much as possible. She descried another group of teachers as 'colour blind', which means that they felt that was no problem of racism


    as Aversion Therapy where pain and discomfort are deliberately used to change the behaviour of the client. A BEHAVIOURIST THERAPY An examination essential Describe how the behaviourist approach has been applied in one form of therapy in psychology. SYSTEMATIC DESENSITISATION According to classical conditioning theory, a phobia is an automatic reflex acquired as a response to a non-dangerous stimulus.

  2. A Mental Revolution Re-Entering the African Diaspora.

    In the movie Ethnic Notions, whites saw "blacks" as an offense to civilization and were characterized as inhuman, savage, destined to be enslaved etc. Also in the Book Black Jacobins, C.L.R James illustrated how the slaves were being maltreated and viewed: "The safety of the whites demands that we keep the Negroes in some profound ignorance.

  1. Young peoples decision making is influenced by a number of social factors. Identify three ...

    The quote above taken from Pope John Paul 2nd is a vital quote of which societies can Base their family life upon, however each society is different, in some areas of Liverpool it can be said that family life is not the most rewarding and most families end in Divorce or a major split, affecting the child.

  2. Assess the importance of evidence from studies of social mobility for the main theoretical ...

    This evidence is thus important to one of the main theoretical debates about social class as it supports the theoretical debate with figures that can be easily evaluated. However, Savage and Eggerton re-examined the data from the NCDS and concluded that Saunders had been incorrect in his findings.

  1. An investigation into people(TM)s belief about Hell

    according to Marx, legitimises these inequalities through methods such as the teaching of Christian songs14. Durkheim however sees religion as "a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden - beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral


    and his girlfriend Mary the lawyer, Aziina and Deflora - independent and fashion conscious professional women, Peter the Lothario and Porsche-owner, and more. These characters share the stage with other modern KL-ites - the Kutus, the car park attendants, the builders and the labourers, the Jinjang Joes and Jos.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work