• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Education is the main agent of secondary socialisation. How do schools prepare us for social life?

Extracts from this document...


Education is the main agent of secondary socialisation. How do schools prepare us for social life? Whatever the view on education, it is clear that schools are one of the most important agents of secondary socialisation. Peer groups and teachers have a major impact upon the socialisation of schoolchildren. In the case of the former, such groups exert "peer pressure" which influence students to conform to various norms and values. Sociologists often see the relationship between society and education results as similar, but explain them in different ways. Socialisation is the process whereby we learn to become competent members of a group. Primary socialisation is the learning we experience from the people who raise us. On the other hand, secondary socialisation takes place mostly outside the place where we are raised. Functionalists see a relationship between education and other social institutions, and the contribution education makes to meet the functional needs of the social system as a whole; education is viewed as meritocratic whereby it is fair on everyone and the main key agents for success are intelligence and effort. ...read more.


Their view is that there are equal opportunities for everyone, whereas in reality this is not the truth. Marxists view education as being an all part superstructure of the capitalist society. Socialization serves the interests of the economic role. They argue that education considers the culture of the higher classes whilst ignoring the social inequalities suffered by the working class. Education in a capitalist society can never be equal for all classes. Children come from various social backgrounds and develop in different sub-cultures that affect their schooling. These differences give rise to the hidden curriculum schools have. The hidden curriculum is a concept that refers to all of those socialising practices that are not included in the official curriculum but that contribute toward the reproduction of society's culture including the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs a certain society has. The hidden curriculum was criticised mainly by Bowles and Gintis (Marxists) for making students passive and accept everything authority states instead of having active criticism. The knowledge given to the students is beyond their concern and they should accept it. ...read more.


Stephen J. Ball introduced his study on streaming by giving three bands in which children would be categorised; Band 1 - The most able, Band2 - average ability, Band 3 - least able. The selections were based on the father's occupation. This study conveys that there is a strong bond between 'banding' and performance in school. This portrays that the parents of students have a role in their children's academic success. Everyone is given the opportunity to achieve success but those that have parents in higher jobs or classes in society have a tendency of continue further on with their studies in contrast to children whose parents fall into the working class position; this is because one is motivated to achieve success and usually has more support to continue on with his/her education. Education is the main agent of secondary socialisation because it prepares us for the world of work. Though there are a lot on inequalities and conflicts in the system because of capitalism, one must accept that without education, a child has merely no chance of having a future in today's demanding society. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This essay has some good knowledge and understanding - the section on Functionalism in particular is well written. There is however a distinct lack of critical analysis from the likes of Feminism in particular but also in comparison to other secondary agents of socialisation. Overall mark: ***

Marked by teacher Matthew Wilkin 07/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the usefulness of feminist contributions to our understanding of society today

    4 star(s)

    workers and by maintaining and servicing the current generation of workers (their husbands), they do this at no cost to capitalism. All Marxist feminists argue that women's subordination within the family performs important economic functions for capitalism. Barrett argues that we must give more emphasis to women's consciousness and motivations and to the role of ideology in maintaining their oppression.

  2. Free essay

    Assess the contribution of functionalism to our understanding of society

    3 star(s)

    This is where the sub-system of religion comes in. The fourth and final basic need of society that Parsons identifies is Latency. This refers to the process that maintains society over time. This is the kinship sub-system, and is about adults having a place to let off steam, and being able to manage tension.

  1. "Compare and contrast modernisation theory and dependency theory as explanations of development and under-development"

    It also puts emphasis and accountability for underdevelopment on external factors unlike the dependency theory. Andre Gunder Frank believed that there is a close relationship with third world countries and western first world countries, Frank believes that the west is actually making under-developed countries poorer.

  2. Identify current patterns of ill health and inequality in the UK. Explain probable ...

    This whole pattern of poor diet, tooth decay, obesity, and weight related diseases and poor nutritional related diseases are more common in lower-socio-economic groups. There is an association between obesity in adults and mortality, decreasing life expectancy up to nine years.

  1. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspective

    classifications such as male versus female, straight versus gay, white versus black, and imperial versus colonial. Postmodernism has influenced many cultural fields, including literary criticism, linguistics, architecture, visual arts, and music. Postmodernist thought is an intentional departure from modernist approaches that had previously been dominant.

  2. Sex is biologically determined, however, is gender the product of social construction or predetermined?

    to develop into a stable adult capable of taking its place in society. He believed that sexual division of labour in the family is seen as essential to ensure 'normal' development. Mothers and fathers both have their own distinctive role due to their biological factors and in a family they

  1. Assess the relation between sociology and social policy

    Both positivist and Functionalist believe the sociologist?s role is to provide the state with objective, scientific information.

  2. Discuss the similarities and differences between conflict of Marxist theories and functionalist theories in ...

    It highlights on the importance of all roles and parts of society. Marxism, on the other hand, uses a building analogy whereby the base of the building is the economy and other institutions in society are above the base and are called superstructures.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work