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Examine the Main Trends in Births and Deaths in the United Kingdom Since 1900

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Introduction

Examine the Main Trends in Births and Deaths in the United Kingdom Since 1900 Sociologists use the concept of birth rate to measure births. The birth rate is defined as the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year. The birth rate in the UK has been on a long term decline since 1900 due to changes in the position of women, a decline in the infant mortality rate, children becoming an economic liability and child centredness. In 1900, England and Wales had a birth rate of 28.7, but by 2007 it had fallen to an estimated 10.7. ...read more.

Middle

Sue Sharpe carried out research in the 1970s which supported this view. She interviewed working class children, and found that the vast majority of them valued marriage and a family more than they valued a career. In 1994 she replicated this study and found that their views were opposing the views that the girls had in the 1970s. However there have been fluctuations in births, with three 'baby booms' in the 20th century. The first two came after the two world wars (1914-18 and 1939-1945) as returning servicemen and their partners started families that they had postponed during the war years. There was the third baby boom in the 1960s, after which the birth rate fell sharply during the 1970s. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to N.L. Tranter (1996), over three-quarters of the decline in the death rate from 1850 to 1970 was due to a fall in the number of deaths from infectious diseases such as diphtheria, influenza, scarlet fever, measles, smallpox, diarrhoea, typhoid and above all tuberculosis. The main reason for the decline in deaths from infection is due to the increase in medical treatment and technological advances. Other reasons include improved nutrition, public health measures, environmental improvements and other social changes including greater public knowledge of the causes of illness. Both the birth and death rate in the UK since 1900 have been on a long term decline for several reasons, but mainly due to the position of women and advances in medical treatment. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ben Scaife 06/11/10 ...read more.

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