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Sociological explanations for patterns in ethnicity and crime

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Introduction

In this essay, I am going to outline and address the sociological explanations for patterns in ethnicity and crime. Crime has a negative impact in society. It refers to those activities that break the law of the land and are subject to official punishment. This essay will state why ethnic minority groups commit crime and why it is dramatically increasing throughout society. I will give detailed statistics and show why and how ethnic minorities commit crime in society. According to home office statistics, about 9 percent of people arrested were recorded as black and 5 per cent as Asian. This means that relative to the arrest rates of the population as a whole, black people were over three times more likely to be arrested than white people where. Asian peoples rates were similar to those for white people. Official statistics tell us the numbers of arrests made by the police. However, they are not necessarily a reflection of offending rates, but can be seen just as much as comment on the actions of the police. ...read more.

Middle

Graham and Blowing study (1995) of 14-25 year olds for the home office that the self reported offending rates where more or less the same for the white, black and Asian respondents. Some have argued that police racism results in higher education suspicion against black people in general. The McPherson report (1999) concluded that the police were institutionally racists. The court system has been accused of automatically favouring white middle class defendants. There are few black people in either the police force or the legal system. Additionally, Young black Caribbean's have higher levels of unemployment than whites, which may produce greater temptation for crime. The location of where people live can have an effect in what type of crime has been committed. Sociologists argue most crimes takes place in cities because there are more opportunities to be involved in crime in cities. Higher density populations mean more chances for robbery and property crime. Most young people live in urban areas and they are most likely to commit crime. ...read more.

Conclusion

The newer image is of them as being potentially dangerous and a threat to British culture. The media have spilled propaganda and unbalanced news for years and this has led society in the wrong path. Politicians still try to put fear into people's lives by playing the politics of fear and it has an effect on a few close-minded people. In the recent US presidential elections candidates like Rudy Giuliani based their whole campaign on fighting "Muslim terrorists". This puts a negative image into society in many aspects. It has become common for any politician to stereotype a group of people and play the fear card. To conclude, Ethnic minorities have the highest rate of crime in society even though the numbers of their population is low. However, labelling plays its part in the statistics. I believe labelling and stereotyping is involved in any culture and there is no way in getting rid of it. People need to change by thinking what they believe is right and not what politicians or the media think is right. ...read more.

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