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Sociological Perspectives - there are three major categories in which people might go about and choose how to approach a certain topic. The approaches are known today as sociological perspectives and are the structural functionalism, conflict theory, and

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Introduction

SOCIOLOGY 101 SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE Paper # 1 Victor Grigorov 2/22/2012 SOCIOLOGY 101: Sociological Perspectives Paper When studying sociology, everyone is going to approach topics in a different method. The way we see the world from an outside point of view is called social imagination or perception. The sociological imagination, a concept that has been introduced to the world by C. Wright Mills, basically says that a person lives out a "biography", and lives it out with some "historical importance "(Ferris 16). That means that everyone gets to live their personal life and individual experience, but at the same time they contribute to the changes in history through their experiences which in turn creates the historical sequence. This is why in our society today no two people are going to have the exact same point of view on a particular subject. Nevertheless, there are three major categories in which people might go about and choose how to approach a certain topic. The approaches are known today as sociological perspectives and are the structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism perspectives (Ferris 43). ...read more.

Middle

This is where conflict theorists come in and try to prove and explain this concept with their point of view. Unlike functionalism, the conflict theory bases everything not on the unity of societal culture, but on the constant socio-economic struggle that occurs between different classes of people. In contrast to the functionalist view of stability, conflict sociologists see our society as being in constant struggle. Founded by the famous German thinker, Karl Marx, the conflict theory emphasizes its point of view from the negative and ever changing nature of our society today (McClelland). As the book states, " Conflict theory proposes that conflict and tension are basic facts of social life and suggests that people have disagreements over goals and values and are involved in struggles over both resources and power" (Ferris 46). Karl Marx suggested that if these tensions in our society are missing, then people will be more inclined to achieve higher goals and education for themselves (Ferris 46). This is why he strived so much to bring about socialism and equality for all people. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although this perspective focuses on the micro view of our society, it can sometimes miss the big picture, and that can in turn cause more structural problem and cause more dysfunction in our society. In the world we live today, people often tend to view their personal problems as social problems, and try to connect their individual experiences with the mechanism of society. And that is completely reasonable. Mills believed that this is the right way for people to gain a knowledge and understanding of their personal dilemmas. The sociological perspective helps people connect their own problems with public problems and their history. In order for an individual to figure out the causes of their problems, they first have to be able to understand the causes of the problems in the society in which they are living in. The sociological perspective tries to come up with causes for certain social trends and provides a structure for understanding the social world we live in. Having a sociological perspective is fundamental since it is important for individuals to have a way to relate their personal issues to of society as a unit. ...read more.

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