• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sociology Postmodern theories of the family

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and discuss postmodern theories of the family The principles of postmodern views of the family are that there is much wider range of living opportunities available nowadays, because of social and cultural changes. As other theories believe that nuclear family is dominant family type within society, postmodernists disagree with this opinion and have different view. The New Right and functionalists see the family as a structure that shapes the behaviour of its members. However, postmodernists argue that this structural approach ignores moral relativism of individuals that they always have a choice of family type and nobody can judge them. Also modernists ignore the increase of family diversity; however there is no 'best' family type anymore. Tamara Hareven (1978) says that we should examine each family member, not whole family, to understand how family live and how they make their choices. This sociologist created life course analysis which shows flexibility of family lives choices. ...read more.

Middle

Postmodernists argue that the world is not predictable anymore. Society entered a new chaotic postmodern phase where is no dominant family type and there are more opportunities of the life style. That gives a freedom to create family relationships which are more suitable for certain individuals. A freedom of choice makes the relationships unstable though. There where other perspectives developed on the family. Anthony's Giddence (1992) theory of choice and equality argues that it was transformation in the family and marriage, and in relationships between male and female. The main reasons of that were availabilities of contraception which reduced the reason of reproduction in the relationships. Also, an improvement in the contraception of women who continued their education and started to work is a result of feminism. Those changes affected family types, as then they can choose the relationship they want despite of the law and traditions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sociologist Judith Stacey (1998) said, as society entered a new postmodern stage, women gained more opportunities in their lifestyle. The emancipation of patriarchal oppression allowed women to create new family structure. Women gained opportunity to work, study, divorce and re-marry what led to creation of 'divorce extended family' where members are connected by divorce. Postmodernists try to show the rise of individualism of people, diverse in families as a important feature of postmodern society. Jeffrey Week (2000) said that families continue to be fairly traditional and acceptance of diversity is growing. The sexual behaviour became a personal choice as well, because of secularisation and last of state power on individual's choices. There are two opinions formed the issue of family diversity, looking at different sociologists' approaches. The functionalists and New Right have a view against diversity, as they insists that nuclear family is the best type of family and that traditional gender roles are dominant in society. Otherwise, postmodernists and feminists believe that family diversity is a positive thing, which gives freedom, equal relationships and choices for individuals. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Sociological Theories

    young lady grew up being told she was a good girl she would believe that this was true and would most likely take on the label as a good girl and act as a good girl this is otherwise known as a self-fulfilling prophecy.

  2. Gender Roles

    Many women still choose to reduce their working hours to cope with childcare and it is rare than a man will do this. If a child is taken ill, it is still traditionally the mother who takes time off to care for them, but this is gradually changing.

  1. The functionalistic view of the family

    Parsons argued that before the industrial revolution societies were largely based on extended kinship networks. These networks are relationships between family members outside of the nuclear family such as grandparents and cousins. Roles in these family networks were generally on the basis of ascription rather than any educational achievement or skills.

  2. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    Feminists look at the society on a large scale this is because they want to generalise their ideas about males and females to the whole of society, Feminists believes that society is based on disagreement (conflicts) the conflict is between the sex's mallet females.

  1. Examine the reasons for the increase in family and household diversity in the last ...

    women after 1967 had the choice to have a child or if they wanted to abort the child. This gave women a lot more freedom and they had more rights to do what they wanted to in life, and so after this, for many women a family was not a

  2. Using sociological theories, e xplain why the modern british family is characterised by diversity

    Britain has changed in many ways in recent years; one of these ways is the diversity in types of culture. 50 years ago it would have been extremely unusual to have a divorced family, an un-cohabiting couple with children, or lone parent families.

  1. Society has now entered a new post-modern age and we need new theories to ...

    in 2008 brought the economy of Iceland, which was heavily dependent on banking, to the brink of ruin.

  2. Assess the view that we are now living in a new post-modern era

    Postmodern theorists also believe in the notion of a media-saturated society. Baudrillard sees life in a postmodern society as being dominated by media imagery, so much so that he calls it media-saturated. This idea of the media dominating society has seen vast amounts of supporting evidence within the media; with

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work