• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sociology Postmodern theories of the family

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and discuss postmodern theories of the family The principles of postmodern views of the family are that there is much wider range of living opportunities available nowadays, because of social and cultural changes. As other theories believe that nuclear family is dominant family type within society, postmodernists disagree with this opinion and have different view. The New Right and functionalists see the family as a structure that shapes the behaviour of its members. However, postmodernists argue that this structural approach ignores moral relativism of individuals that they always have a choice of family type and nobody can judge them. Also modernists ignore the increase of family diversity; however there is no 'best' family type anymore. Tamara Hareven (1978) says that we should examine each family member, not whole family, to understand how family live and how they make their choices. This sociologist created life course analysis which shows flexibility of family lives choices. ...read more.

Middle

Postmodernists argue that the world is not predictable anymore. Society entered a new chaotic postmodern phase where is no dominant family type and there are more opportunities of the life style. That gives a freedom to create family relationships which are more suitable for certain individuals. A freedom of choice makes the relationships unstable though. There where other perspectives developed on the family. Anthony's Giddence (1992) theory of choice and equality argues that it was transformation in the family and marriage, and in relationships between male and female. The main reasons of that were availabilities of contraception which reduced the reason of reproduction in the relationships. Also, an improvement in the contraception of women who continued their education and started to work is a result of feminism. Those changes affected family types, as then they can choose the relationship they want despite of the law and traditions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sociologist Judith Stacey (1998) said, as society entered a new postmodern stage, women gained more opportunities in their lifestyle. The emancipation of patriarchal oppression allowed women to create new family structure. Women gained opportunity to work, study, divorce and re-marry what led to creation of 'divorce extended family' where members are connected by divorce. Postmodernists try to show the rise of individualism of people, diverse in families as a important feature of postmodern society. Jeffrey Week (2000) said that families continue to be fairly traditional and acceptance of diversity is growing. The sexual behaviour became a personal choice as well, because of secularisation and last of state power on individual's choices. There are two opinions formed the issue of family diversity, looking at different sociologists' approaches. The functionalists and New Right have a view against diversity, as they insists that nuclear family is the best type of family and that traditional gender roles are dominant in society. Otherwise, postmodernists and feminists believe that family diversity is a positive thing, which gives freedom, equal relationships and choices for individuals. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The functionalistic view of the family

    The functionalist nuclear family have the strongest household income. Homosexual partners also have some good household incomes. The lone-parent families however do not have a very good income. This is not enough to support children and socialise them into society. Therefore a nuclear family is financial best. A functionalist view is that education prepares children for their role in society.

  2. Using sociological theories, e xplain why the modern british family is characterised by diversity

    Now Britain has the highest divorce rate in Europe, and having illegitimate children is no longer a taboo. 'Divorce is becoming more common as women become more economically independent; marriage is less of a necessary economic partnership than it used to be.'

  1. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    Reference: Class notes http://www.universitadelledonne.it/english/halifax.htm Website viewed on 4 / 9 / 08 Radical Feminist Radical Feminist believes that men and women are still unequal in society. Women are seen as being exploited by men and patriarchal society. Some radical feminists believe the solution is separatism - this means that men

  2. Sociological Theories

    Marxists think that all individuals are defined as social failures that are responsible for their own criminal activities. Blame and condemnation are directed at the individual rather than the institutions of capitalism. Functionalists believe that if a person breaks significant rules they will be publically condemned, this is thought to

  1. - APPROACHES IN PSYCHOLOGY

    Although it would be reductionist to try and explain all human behaviour as a product of our biology, it does seem likely that the biological approach will continue to contribute hugely to our understanding of mind and behaviour. THE BIOLOGICAL APPROACH STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES An examination essential Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the biological approach.

  2. Key Perspectives in Sociology

    assault 112 10.7 Parent assault 73 7.0 Sibling assault 50 4.8 Mutual assault 6 0.6 Total 1044 100.00 In 1980, R. E. and R. Dobash carried out a study into Violence against Wives. As a part of their research they used the above figures, compiled from statistics gathered in 1974,

  1. My sociology coursework is about the segregated conjugal roles between men and women in ...

    The other 8 were individual questionnaires. I made a tick list of who I had not received a reply from; I needed 12 more replies (6 addresses). I then chose another 10 addresses to send my questionnaires to. I decided that if I got extra replies it was not a problem.

  2. Major Theories in Sociology

    Quantitative research uses many methods like data collection, survey , interview etc. Positivism studies different institutions of a society where as interpretivism analysis the role of individual in society. Positivism is macro and inter positivism is micro sociology. Positivism defines sociology as science which is based on data and experiments,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work