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The British Penal System

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Luke Morrish 12BT General Studies Mr Thomas Contents Page How effective is the British Penal System? Introduction into Penal system P3 Types of Punishment p4, 5 Aims of sentences p5 Types of punishment 6 & 7 Different articles about crime and opinions 8 & 9 Results of a survey on crime p10 Analysis of crime p11 Capitol Punishment p12 The Right Approach?? P13 Bibliography p14 Newspaper article p15 How effective is the British Penal System? The Penal System: is the set of laws, and procedures that follow a conviction to a person, these are punishments including sentencing, community service and tagging. The British penal system is a system used in our country, which keeps crime and violence under control. It is a system, which has been set up for many years to try and help prevent crimes, to have justice and set victims free. Crime covers the range of controversy. For example rape, murder, paedophilia, GBH and there are many more types of crime. All of the horrific topics I just mentioned are crimes, each unforgivable in its own right, who does have the right to do any of the crimes above? In the bible it said "all men are equal" but are we? Surely no human being delusional or sick enough, to cause evil pandemonium within society. Sadly the world today does contain evil and disturbed people who commit 'crimes' and this is what the British penal system is used for. Not only does it handle the drastic crimes above but also handles crimes such as drugs and drink driving and any other 'minor case'. Although we have a system, which deals with all types of crime is it enough?? Do people and victims get their justice? Are victims free of torture and trauma? I think that our system is good but there is still room for improvements. Our contradictory and controversial society needs safer and more determined rules to get the complete justice it deserves. ...read more.


Figures released show that in many countries the number of people being sent to jail has increased dramatically for example in the United States the prison population has almost trebled during the years 1980-1998, reaching a record of 1.7 million people which is currently ranked five times higher than the average European figure. The suitability of prison is very debatable, does it work or does it encourage re-offending? In the UK in the early 1900's the government believed that imprisonment was one of the most effective methods of reducing. However the government have clearly assumed wrong because the number of people going to prison has increased. In any one prison there can be a number people who have committed a number of different crimes such as murder, pick pocketed, rape drink driving and fraud they are all grouped together. Personally I think that all of these people who have committed these crimes should not be grouped together but split apart from each other and there be should specialized institutions for the offender to go to. By using this approach it would most likely reduce the chance of the offender re-offending when they come out. Because it can be said that sending an offender to a typical prison and mixing with everyone and learning from them can most probably increase the chances of the offender re-offending. I feel along with many other critics that it was a big mistake to take capitol punishment away from our country. Crime in this country is increasing dramatically and I do not feel that the law today does enough. The media in society today is a very powerful tool which influences and expresses public opinion regarding the law. I have looked through different newspapers and pulled out a few articles that have appealed to me. Some articles were expressing views about the law and how the law has been enforced to "get tough with teenagers" this can be seen as an improvement as young offenders now commit many crimes. ...read more.


There are many unsatisfied victims who still want their justice and our system obviously does not prove worthy to these particular people. Death and torture is not the answer to everything but it certainly is another option that should be considered being brought back into the country, if not for the safety of us but for the safety of those who even commit the crimes. One of the articles mentioned earlier "mum let down by law" shows a very dramatic point about the penal system. Her son died in a street attack and his mother was "very upset with the sentence given to the three boys". The mother, Maureen Swan made a very good point that if she robbed a bank then she would have had a longer sentence than those who killed her son. This article would support the critics who want to bring back capital punishment; crime committers need to be taught more of a lesson. Punishment is a very sensitive issue bit I think that from looking at the statistics and arguments that capital punishment should be brought back to Britain as a last resort. It defiantly made a difference 50, 60 even 100 years ago, so it obviously would make a difference today. There are always going to be moral and controversial issues in society, but as a modern and contemporary society we need to evolve. We are an evolutionary not revolutionary society and if crime is brought down even more then we can defiantly concentrate on other issues and not worry about crime. Crime is always going to be present in any society but if using other methods controls it more, such as capital punishment then, people can certainly feel at ease and will be less critical. So although the penal system is slightly effective I feel there can be major improvements to stop crime happening so often. On the next page there are two extracts out of newspapers showing relative issues to this coursework. ...read more.

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