• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Education Act of 1870.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Education Act of 1870 Introduction During the 1830's two thirds of England's population could not even read or write. The majority had access to only unskilled work. There was a growing demand for people to be trained and able to specialise in various aspects advancing technology. The government seemed to be reluctant to intervene as Mr Davies Giddy claimed, in the House of Commons: "...Giving education to the labouring classes of the poor, it would, in effect, be found to be injurious to their moods and happiness; it would teach them to despise their lot in life, instead of making them good servants in agriculture and other laborious employments to which their rank in society had destined them." In spite of the apprehension of the Dissenters and the unwillingness of sections of the governing classes, the state was being forced, slowly, but surely to take more than a passive interest in the education structure of the country. ...read more.

Middle

From comparative independence, the state of labourers and small farmers changed to one of dependence, for the growth of mechanical industries, which had previously kept the villagers from want. This move required the illiterate to become literate. The social order of agricultural times had broken the community into sharply defined divisions of society, but it was essentially a community with parallel interests, and the well-to-do classes had almost a stake in the well being of the lower classes. This morality issue led to the drastic shake up in the social services, including education. The solution for this diversity was schooling. Child labour was criticised and once again, the solution suggested was for all children to attend school. The general opinion of the public had changed by the mid part of the nineteenth century which also implied that education was needed to be made compulsory for all children: "I am in favour of higher grade schools being provided for the advanced scholars so that children of the poor have equal opportunities with those who are better off."? ...read more.

Conclusion

Other religious bodies joined in the growing need for elementary schools. However, voluntary finance would not be enough. Societies built thousands of schools without extra money and could not provide education for every child. A controversial issue about which party should control education was raised. Schemes, which were politically, morally and sociably desirable in them, were wrecked anyway to the inability of their protagonists to think socially. The government marked the beginning of state intervention in 1833, when they handed small building grants to these societies. Its significance was that it was the first acceptance by the government of any financial responsibility for education of the poor. Central Society of Education reports (1837-39) showed that these schools filled the social controlling role more clearly. The grants were repeated year by year and were slowly increased. In 1839, the government made two important decisions on education. First they decided to set up a committee to deal with educational matters after several changes this became in 1964 the department of Education and Science.) Secondly, it appointed inspectors to visit schools it helped. The main responsibilities passed gradually from churches and voluntary societies to the state. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    created the belief that they are more likely to be slow learners. This can affect the methods teachers label black children effect how teacher interact with these children and affect their progress and achievements. This is potentially saying that subconscious labelling be teachers tends to be a disadvantage to black children.

  2. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    education Full-time 116 154 219 509 95 196 261 517 Part-time 891 697 768 1,424 630 624 986 2,278 All further education 1,007 851 987 1,933 725 820 1,247 2,795 Higher education Undergraduate Full-time 241 277 345 534 173 196 319 645 Part-time 127 176 193 261 19 71 148

  1. Examining equality in Education.

    They argue that the higher up the social classes the student's parents are, the more likely the student is to stay in education and develop their IQ. They conclude that IQ is a consequence of educational attainment and that educational attainment is not a result of high IQ.

  2. To what extent did women become more emancipated in the period 1800-1914? In 1800 ...

    However with all these advances there was still discrimination. Women were lowly paid and were dismissed with marriage this is a point of regression. Due to the better education there were more women teachers, they were teaching young men who would respect them when they grew up, this would eventually lead to a society that accepted women as equal

  1. In the 15th Century the idea of 'schooling' began, the church ran the schools

    There continues to be varied differences in educational achievements studied in relation to race, class or gender, these interlink with each other, for an example you could have a black girl from a working class whose achievements are high, or a white boy from a middle class whose achievements are lower than average.

  2. Higher Education in the USA. Finishing school is the beginning of ...

    issued a report that called for teaching a body of common knowledge to all college students. The National Institute of Education (NIE) issued a somewhat similar report, "Involvement in Learning". In its report, the NIE concluded that the college curriculum has become "excessively vocational and work-related".

  1. An Investigation into Primary School Physical Education

    coordination, and then to refining and extending these skills and being able to perform them with some accuracy, consistency and fluency; * from the simple selection and application of skills in a series or in combination to the planning and use of more complex sequences, games strategies and compositional principles;

  2. A Reflective Analysis of the Role ofof Religious Education.

    It wasn't until after the war that politicians set the agenda for reshaping education, schools and the curriculum. Butler, 1944 outlined that Religious Instruction (R.I), should become compulsory throughout education. His change in politics may have been a reaction towards the rapid change in Society after the Second World War.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work