• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Ethnic Riots of July 1964. MALAYSIA

Extracts from this document...


Kimberly Wong Kristen 05A23 History Specimen Paper 2002 The Ethnic Riots of July 1964. The situation at that period of time had already been very poor, and there were many different contributing factors that led to the build up and explosion of the ethnic riots. Till this day, there are still many disputes to the cause of the ethnic riots in 1964 and thus it is not necessarily true that UMNO was responsible for the outbreak of ethnic riots in 1964. However, this is an issue that may never be completely settled as it is extremely controversial. The Federal Government of Malaysia, dominated UMNO feared that as long as Singapore remained in the Federation, the policy of positive racial discrimination to the Malays would be undermined and therefore not in the interest of their pro-Malay agenda. Furthermore, we know that UMNO was using the Utasan Melayu to create tension and stir up trouble against the Singapore government. Thus, there is also evidence to challenge the statement that UMNO was not responsible for the ethnic riots. ...read more.


However, as this speech was given in 1964-the year of the riots itself, by the leader of the Malays- Tunku Abdul Rahman it could have been to instigate others to agree with his views and to seek support in his stand that UMNO was not responsible for the riots. However, from another point of view, UMNO may actually have a part to play in being responsible for the outbreak of ethnic riots. In Source B, Lee Kuan Yew claims that "all the indications show that there had been organization and planning behind the outbreak to turn it into an ugly communal clash." He is implying that it is indeed UMNO who had been responsible for the outbreak of ethnic riots by claiming that the ethnic riots were organized and planned, as he could not be declaring that it was his own party, the Singapore government was the party that had planned and organized this "ugly" outbreak. This source was extracted from Lee Kuan Yew's memoirs, which was published in 1998- years after the ethnic riots, and was written as a reflection of the circumstances then. ...read more.


of whether or not UMNO was indeed responsible because, as stated by Source A, the matter is still controversial- there are many versions of the incident, and no evidence to prove that any one of them are true, or more true than another. There is no conclusive evidence either way. Furthermore, the issue of blame is bound to involve subjective perceptions and interpretations of what were complex and complicated events which situations cannot be proven, then and now. Even if the riots were planned, an UMNO supporter could still argue that the root cause of the riots was not the planning but essentially the feelings of resentments amongst the Malay community in Singapore and the conflicts between the two parties that already existed which was the first and most prevailing trigger of the ethnic riots. Thus, I would say that a satisfactory explanation of whom or what was responsible would then have to allow for all these different perceptions of the evidence. Thus I feel that it is impossible to factually claim that UMNO was or was not responsible for the ethnic riots as everyone would have their different perspectives and opinions on the situation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Sociology independent project - mormons

    Sexual attitudes - Disapprove premarital sex and homosexuality. Typical Mormon will wait to have sex after marriage and will be 100% heterosexual as being gay is unacceptable in the latter day saints eyes. Marriage - most likely to get married than any other group of faiths. Mormons will be married as passing on beliefs to children.

  2. Race or religion? The impact of religion on the employment and earnings of Britain's ...

    Again there are significant differences in the earnings of Indians, since Hindus and Sikhs do better than Muslims. For males, those with `other' religion earn the most, on average, followed by white Christians, whites with no religion and Indian Hindus.

  1. Identity Paper

    Eating together is very important in the Lebanese culture, it is a way to bring everyone together and there were very few times we did not share a meal together. Overall I think this brought us closer than most families who might choose to sit in front of a television and eat dinner, or all eat on different schedules.

  2. Development in Malaysia

    Most of the Chinese people had settled in the capital city, Kuala Lumpur where they made the city the way it is today. It is evident that the Chinese are the economic power of Malaysia by the number of migrants in the urban and city area.

  1. To What Extent has Malaysia undergone Secularization?

    This is reflected in the rise of the partially observant Malaysian Muslim- who, despite religious requirements to the contrary, only attends Mosque every Friday, instead of five times a day- illustrating weaknesses in religious practice. Other Muslims in Malaysia also do not abide strictly by religious rules, such as hijab (modesty)

  2. I have decided to base my topic upon police and stereo typing, and whether ...

    more likely to have worse housing and live on lower incomes, and so, these sociologists accept that although the police may be racist towards these groups, that the rates of arrest do reflect the actual pattern of crime. Labelling theory, in this instance, could be applied to the police and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work