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The role of the education system is to justify and reproduce social inequalities. Discuss.

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Introduction

´╗┐Education system is to justify and reproduce social inequalities The view that the role of the education is to justify and reproduce social inequalities is a very critical argument, as on one hand functionalists have a harmonious view on the education system as it benefits everyone within it. Parson?s study suggests that education is the most important agency of secondary socialisation as they pass on norms and values of the wider society. However, this rosy picture is depicted differently in the Marxist?s perspective as they see education directly linked to reproducing and legitimising inequality. In this essay I will further expand on these points which I have made in more depth. Marxists agree with the view that the education system justifies and reproduce social inequalities, as their approach to education emphasises of how it serves the interests of the ruling class. Marxists deem that the ruling class leave behind their wealth and privilege and also by justifying the vast inequalities that develop underneath capitalism. ...read more.

Middle

The ideological illusion is how everybody has the same teachers, the same syllabus as well as the opportunity to take the exact, same exam, if they don?t gain from this opportunity and fail they (the poor) will be the one?s to blame for their own failure, however it isn?t the same case for the rich they have earnt their wealth, having worked harder to get where they are as well as being generally smarter. These beliefs show how the education system justifies as well as maintains social inequalities as if you look at the bigger picture it would mean that workers would have to acknowledge and accept their poor pay whilst the capitalists of society get to enjoy their greater amount of wealth, in this sense the education system individualises failure and makes the inequalities just appear normal and present. Parsons argues how the school was a vital institution in modern societies, because modern societies are organised on meteoritic principles. ...read more.

Conclusion

As well as those who are at the top fight to stay at the top from the competition below them, this would in fact perceive the education system as a constant battle as well as hostility amongst one another which could lead to psychological trauma. The New Right also agree with the functionalist view on how social inequalities are produced and justified in education, they believe that education has moved too far in the direction of trying to create a sense of equality, mainly because of the education act in 1988, this enabled parents to have the right to choose which school their child would be going to and forces schools to raise their standards. To conclude from this, I agree with the idea that the education system does justify as well as reproduce social inequalities; the media depicts it well as it shows it in the form of the employment statistics as well as the tuition fee statistics. Marxists views are that the education system doesn?t reproduce and legitimise inequality, studies by sociologist Bourdieu and Bowles and Gintis support this view. ...read more.

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