• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The scientific revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The various changes brought about by the scientific revolution provoked a reassessment of the civil society in Europe. One of the most influential concepts of the 17th and 18th century, the natural law theory was responsible for many of these changes. As both Lock and Hobes theorized the development of Natural Law, the idea of a '"'Social Contract'"' appeared in both works. This Social Contract would guaranty the population basic rights. In the event in which the people were no longer guaranty these rights, Lock argued that the people had then a right to revolte. The French '"'philosophes'"', constructing upon the Natural Law arguments, pushed even further to establish inalienable rights: the '"'Rights of Man'"'. In 1789, upon the beginning of the French Revolution, the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen established liberty, property, safety and resistance to oppression as fundamental rights, and declared that all men were born equal. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen spurred strong reactions from intellectuals in Europe. Among them, opposing the direct ideological consequences of the French Revolution, Edmund Burke argued that the Equality of Men concept attributed false rights to its citizens and provided vain expectations to its people. ...read more.

Middle

Indeed, Rousseau, along with DR Gregory, have participated and contributed to the subservience of women. As the works of these authors were widely read, they are true glimpses of the 18th century society. To show the geographical extend of the unjust condition of women, this example is one regarding the Islam religion, from the footnotes on page 19: '"'Islam did not allow women to go to heaven and denied them souls'"'. Women were treated unjustly by their male counterparts throughout the globe. This aspect of male authority over women greatly affected them, notably destroying proper maternal instincts, robbing them from the most sincere and enjoyable responsibility in a women"'"s life. The subjection of women to male authority under the marriage contract, led Wollstonecraft to question women"'"s maternity instinct! From their childhood, women were told that obedience and softness of temper were prerequisites to finding a husband (19). Despite changes in the civil society such as the emergence of natural rights, scientific principles and philosophical thoughts, marriage remained, for women, the required path to community acceptance. Therefore, women complied; marriage was for women the only solution to rise in the world (Wollstonecraft 10). ...read more.

Conclusion

Their only request to the King was to give them a chance to emerge from ignorance to be able to give their children a reasonable education and to make them better subjects of his majesty. Education, they argued, would also enlighten them on subjects such as patriotism, sensitivity and etiquette. The deplorable condition of women was cast upon them by men. Unfortunately, women had to addapt to live and therefore subjected themselves to degradations through the pursuit of beauty and innocence. However, as they engaged in this cycle, they became trapped in dependency and had no means to exit. Their only hope, education, was refused to them to perpetuate their dependency and subservience. The condition of women was definetly an international issue in the 18th century. Through A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Wollstonecraft cried for an awakening of women, possible only through education. Finally, this dominating quote from the essay seemed to fit Wollstonecraft"'"s goal: '"'Consequently, the perfection of our nature and capability of happiness, must be estimated by the degree of reason, virtue, and knowledge, that distinguish the individual, and direct the laws which bind society: and that from the exercise of reason, knowledge and virtue naturally flow, is equally undeniable, if mankind be viewed collectively'"' (Wollstonecraft 13). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    Home factors are important to the educational achievement to everyone, and differences in home factors create differences in educational achievement. Middle class children achieve more than working class children. This may be because of their home factors, but it can't be the only factor.

  2. What were the lives of people like in the 19th century cities?

    From now on holidays were official. Workers who had the money could go and relax. Another important factor making this possible was the growth of faster transport. Steam engines became one of the fundamental changes in during the industrial revolution and many miles of railway was put.

  1. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    Evaluation My original plan was to conduct interviews. The area of research that I am looking at is qualitative, looking at feelings sand beliefs. In my initial interview with a student I discovered that the participant was very eager to finish the questions and leave.

  2. Examining equality in Education.

    Grammar for the more 'academic' children; Secondary Modern for the vast majority of children and Technical Schools which provided practical, vocationally-oriented courses, although the numbers of children going into Technical Schools were very few. Entry into the Grammar Schools was decided by means of an exam or test, known as

  1. Comment on the strength and weakness of the social security system in Hong Kong

    The funds are managed by approved trustees in private sectors, like banks and insurance companies. The Mandatory Provident Scheme Authority (MPFA) of the government is only responsible for surveillance for compliance and effective operation. Other social security measurements There are other social securities measurements in HK: Criminal and Law Enforcement

  2. Participant Observation Exercise

    is slightly irrational and will depict Dave as the 'straight' character simply offering advice, and a character that Tony and Chris can side with. Another reading could be that Dave is trying to uphold his personality as one full of charm and humour.

  1. 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914?

    Overall, the War provided women with the first step to equal rights, and women had learnt a wider range of skills that they could later use. Men's dominance in the working world was strongly felt as most men had the better jobs.

  2. Comparing 19th and 20th Centaury Short Stories - Son's Veto and growing up.

    Religion isn't a major issue in Growing Up. There are a several references to Mrs. Quick being a member of the local parish and also the local welfare comities. These imply a religious community with Christian values. Later in the story, Mrs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work