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"The Sole purpose of education is to prepare working-class children for a life of low status, manual work" Discuss.

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Introduction

"The Sole purpose of education is to prepare working-class children for a life of low status, manual work" Discuss. Introduction In this essay I am going to be discussing the Marxist theory of education and the functionalist theory of education. Marxists are the groups of the social community/people that agree with the title of this essay because they say Main Body The Marxist theory of education says, "The nature of education is determined by the needs of the capitalist system". The working-class are taught to accept their position in the class structure, in carrying out this function. Education - like the media serves an ideological state apparatus, which benefits and legitimises the position of the bourgeoisie and the inequality within the capitalist system. Althusser is one of the sociologists that we have studied and the one main criticism would be that it remains a theory and he never had any evidence to back up and support his theory. ...read more.

Middle

Functionalists see society like the different parts of a human body. This is because they argue that just like the body needs all parts to be working for the bodily functions to work, all parts of society need to be working together for society to work. They call this a 'biological analogy'. Functionalists also argue that everything in society is functional for everyone e.g. if someone goes out and commits a crime towards someone/something else that's playing a part in society, than everyone gets something good out of it in the long run. One of the functionalist's views is that the education system is an institution that "broadens the individual's experience" of the social world around us all. It prepares us all for adult role relationships. In functionalist terms, an education system has two basic functions: * Firstly, an education function - preparing individuals for the roles that they will play in their adult lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

* The co-ordination of human resources, therefore, refers to the way people behave: selected for various types of training, made different to every other person in some way (such as, in modern societies, through the possession of educational qualifications) and then allocated to different adult roles. * In functionalist terms, therefore, the institution that can be safely charged with this aspect of co-ordination is the educational system, since is exists in a form that enables it to focus on and carryout various tasks. In my essay I think that I have completed both views on education, from both the Marxist and functionalist views. The title is true to a Marxist but not so much to a Functionalist. Marxists role of education is seen to teach children in the working-class that they are not important enough to enter the middle-class or the upper class. The evidence that I have found for this essay is supported most by the functionalist view whereas the title question is actually a Marxist view. ...read more.

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