• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The two main perspectives that one can sociologically understand culture is though the functionalist perspective and the conflict perspective.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Culture is defined as the totality of learned and shared behavior, customs, knowledge which is transmitted via society[s1]. The two main perspectives that one can sociologically understand culture is though the functionalist perspective and the conflict perspective. Functionalist sociologists argue that society is a whole and consists of several independent parts[s2]. This can be proved because the functionalist perspective focuses in social institutions. Institutions in this respect is defined as a pattern of shared and stable behavior. This institutions are patterns of behavior that is carried out by large numbers of people and is such as religion, work , and education. It can be argued that religions are social institutions because the shape the way humans think and act [s3]and also govern their everyday actions. As example, churches for Christians are social institutions; The Christians are required to attend church for mass every Sunday. This pattern of behavior is shared by a unanimous crowd of Christians all over the world. Furthermore, functionalists look at society in two different levels. The first level consists of basic cultural values and norms. ...read more.

Middle

As example, pre-maritial sex is frowned upon in todays different levels of society [s5]and it has to be of a unanimous decision by society to condemn such behavior. But on the other hand, it is also true that change is needed in cultures of society, as example, dating among teenagers. It was almost a taboo back in the golden days for teenagers to date, but along with time, cultures will change as well, in an effort to gain stability and these days dating among teenagers is a common thing as well as understood among the various members of society. Francois de la Rochefoucauld (1680) quotes that "the only constant in life is change" and culture in society changes along with the advancement of mankind, so that they are not considered out-of-date and anachronous. Functionalists argue that the main institutional groupings play a tremendous role in determining the culture of society. These, as example include economic, politics, family and kinship, as well as media. Economic growth plays a role as well because it affects the way certain societies think and how they run their everyday lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

Moreover, MarxiansMarxian's argue that the end product of economic organisation and inequality is common values. Marxist Conflict theorists argue that all modern societies consist of the common appeareance of a stable culture, which is actually masks the reality of all the competing forms. They argue that every society consists of social classes made up by terms of whether they own or do not own htethe means of ecnomiceconomic production and that ultimately, there only are two classes that make up the bundle of society, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The essay is well rafted but it needs greater critique and integration of ideasand evidence of arguments. Tell the reader what he expects to find [s1]. The definition although accurate is simplistic in the sense it does adequately address the broader cultural implications. - shared behavior, customs knowledge etc. [s2]Explain with these independent parts are, how they fit in a global structure. Examples. Authors etc [s3]How so? [s4]Is this your thoughts? Or are they validated by a source, if so where is that source. [s5]Evidence? [s6]You must explain what this is and relate it to why they restrict these practices, otherwise it may sound bias and unobjective. [s7]Why does he say this, evidence? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Sociology independent project - mormons

    through singing in a choir at Salt lake city or showing there love through helping the people of the world. However it can be said that with the original definition of a sect Mormonism does not fit in. Sects are supposed to be short term and Mormonism has been around since the 17th century.

  2. Effectiveness of Perspectives in Social Stratification

    He said that "The English have all the material requisites for the revolution. What they lack is the spirit of generalization and revolutionary ardour." He blamed religion for this lack of awareness or false consciousness in the subject class. Claiming religion was "the opium of the people," persuading the proletariat

  1. Development in Malaysia

    They have introduced various Chinese traditions as well as being well known for celebrating the Chinese New Year. During the time of the Chinese New Year they put up colourful displays and shows for the population, lighting up the city, attracting many people.

  2. Key Perspectives in Sociology

    This information would have given them an insight into reported domestic violence crime in 1974 however as it was an old piece of secondary research they would have been somewhat limited with what they could have done with it. For example, they would not have been able to speak directly with those concerned in the report.

  1. Sociological Perspectives

    In short the Ethnomethodology perspective sees social order and structure as an illusion; believing that it is simply constructed in the minds of social actors' as they somehow manage to arrange the actions and utterances of others, and the context in which they take place into a coherent and logical pattern.

  2. Assess the usefulness of an Interactionists perspective on education.

    talk with an extensive, elaborated vocabulary which working class pupils may find hard to understand. Working class pupils will talk with restricted speech, text talk or slang. Upper and middle class pupils are able to understand both elaborate and restricted speech.

  1. The Contrasting Views of Education from the Marxists and Functionalists Perspective.

    Functionalist say role allocation is fair and necessary, Marxists say it is a means to control social mobility. Many highly paid jobs require curtain educational training; a general practitioner would need to complete 5 years of medical schooling before working.

  2. Compare and contrast any two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology.

    According to Marx, capitalism largely shapes the educational system. Without the education system, the economy would become a massive failure as without education we are without jobs and employment which is what keeps society moving. Education helps to maintain the bourgeoisie and the proletariat so that there can workers producing goods and services and others benefiting from it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work