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The two main perspectives that one can sociologically understand culture is though the functionalist perspective and the conflict perspective.

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Introduction

Culture is defined as the totality of learned and shared behavior, customs, knowledge which is transmitted via society[s1]. The two main perspectives that one can sociologically understand culture is though the functionalist perspective and the conflict perspective. Functionalist sociologists argue that society is a whole and consists of several independent parts[s2]. This can be proved because the functionalist perspective focuses in social institutions. Institutions in this respect is defined as a pattern of shared and stable behavior. This institutions are patterns of behavior that is carried out by large numbers of people and is such as religion, work , and education. It can be argued that religions are social institutions because the shape the way humans think and act [s3]and also govern their everyday actions. As example, churches for Christians are social institutions; The Christians are required to attend church for mass every Sunday. This pattern of behavior is shared by a unanimous crowd of Christians all over the world. Furthermore, functionalists look at society in two different levels. The first level consists of basic cultural values and norms. ...read more.

Middle

As example, pre-maritial sex is frowned upon in todays different levels of society [s5]and it has to be of a unanimous decision by society to condemn such behavior. But on the other hand, it is also true that change is needed in cultures of society, as example, dating among teenagers. It was almost a taboo back in the golden days for teenagers to date, but along with time, cultures will change as well, in an effort to gain stability and these days dating among teenagers is a common thing as well as understood among the various members of society. Francois de la Rochefoucauld (1680) quotes that "the only constant in life is change" and culture in society changes along with the advancement of mankind, so that they are not considered out-of-date and anachronous. Functionalists argue that the main institutional groupings play a tremendous role in determining the culture of society. These, as example include economic, politics, family and kinship, as well as media. Economic growth plays a role as well because it affects the way certain societies think and how they run their everyday lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

Moreover, MarxiansMarxian's argue that the end product of economic organisation and inequality is common values. Marxist Conflict theorists argue that all modern societies consist of the common appeareance of a stable culture, which is actually masks the reality of all the competing forms. They argue that every society consists of social classes made up by terms of whether they own or do not own htethe means of ecnomiceconomic production and that ultimately, there only are two classes that make up the bundle of society, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The essay is well rafted but it needs greater critique and integration of ideasand evidence of arguments. Tell the reader what he expects to find [s1]. The definition although accurate is simplistic in the sense it does adequately address the broader cultural implications. - shared behavior, customs knowledge etc. [s2]Explain with these independent parts are, how they fit in a global structure. Examples. Authors etc [s3]How so? [s4]Is this your thoughts? Or are they validated by a source, if so where is that source. [s5]Evidence? [s6]You must explain what this is and relate it to why they restrict these practices, otherwise it may sound bias and unobjective. [s7]Why does he say this, evidence? ...read more.

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