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There are six main influences of socialisation: Family, media, religion, school, peer groups and work. Each can have a huge effect on a persons instinct and a how a person behaves.

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As Sociology Assignment 1: Basic concepts in sociology a) Through socialisation we learn culture. Culture is a way of life/ a pattern of living. It covers aspects such as language, dress and norms/values. b) Subculture is a culture within a culture. Two examples of this would be ethnicity and social class e.g. chavs, goths, emo's or black Caribbean's c) A value is a goal to achieve in life and a norm is an acceptable way of achieving that goal. One example of this would be if a person wants lots of money, they would need to get a good job and work hard. Another example is if you want to start a family, you need to be in a stable relationship. A third example of this would be to keep slim you need to keep healthy/exercise. d) Socialisation is the process by which behaviour is learnt. This includes instinct. Animals usually have instinct naturally, whereas humans have to adapt and learn it. There are two types of socialisation, primary socialisation and secondary socialisation. Primary socialisation is the one we come across first, usually occurring within the family. We then go on to experience secondary socialisation, this usually happens at school, within a peer group, through media, through religion or at work. ...read more.


In this case we would learn the basics from the primary source, our family, and then factors such as school could influence it slightly. A subculture however, is a culture within a culture. This involves factors such as youth, ethnicity and social class. One example of this would be, a culture such as a persons lifestyle could then influence the social class of a person, this being the subculture. Norms and values are simply goals to achieve and acceptable ways to achieve them. They can change over time as well as from culture to culture. They could be defined as morals, in a way teaching people lessons for example that it's good to share. An example of a norm and value would be 'to make lots of money in life', 'get a good job/work hard.' Another example being 'start a family', 'make sure you're in a stable relationship', and a third example being 'keep slim', 'eat healthy/exercise'. Without socialisation people wouldn't learn 'behaviour' in general. A person's traits wouldn't exist. Without primary and secondary socialisation we wouldn't be prepared for society, and therefore wouldn't be able to fulfil values by completing norms. We wouldn't know the basics for example being able to talk, as well as not knowing any sort of right/wrongs. ...read more.


On the other hand she does suggest that TV now "features numerous strong women and single mothers" These points themselves would never have happened in the 1970's, therefore presenting the change in society and the stereotypes women are given. Haralambos and Holborn portray the view that although things have changed, a lot still hasn't. "soap operas have a relatively high proportion of women, but women are still outnumbered by men" This suggesting that yes things have changed as there are now a lot of women within soap operas, however the inequality still stands as these females are still outnumbered by the dominating males. Haralambos and Holborn have presented to us that although the stereotype/ inequalities do still exist, it is only slightly and a lot has actually changed. Overall I do think that the radical view is true to an extent, as stereotypes of women and women's jobs are still existing a lot in everyday media however as Cameron etal has suggested, a lot has managed to change since the 1970's, presenting women with much more freedom then they once had, there are still many inequalities that exist through the roles of men and women, for example you wouldn't necessarily stereotype a plumber or a builder as a women just yet... ...read more.

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