• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This essay will look at gender inequalities from several different perspectives. Biology theories, socialist theories and feminist theories. Three questions that many sociologists have looked at are: Why are there gender inequalities? How are they sustai

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

This essay will look at gender inequalities from several different perspectives. Biology theories, socialist theories and feminist theories. Three questions that many sociologists have looked at are: Why aree there gender inequalities? How are they sustained? Can gender inequalities be eradicated? Biological theories- believe it to be impossible to achieve an equal society because hormones, genetics and chromosomes 'naturally' determine gender inequalities, and it is these natural factors that cause and sustain universal inequalities. One of the main critics is that biological theorist use data taken from animals and then apply it to humans. Socialist theories- are functionalist-influenced theories, they are most concerned with social factors rather than biological factors in the explanation for gender inequalities. In this theorie that argue that men and women have different scripts are they are learnt through socialization, particurly from infancy and childhood. ...read more.

Middle

There are a number of feminist theories which focus on different aspects of gender relations in their explanation of gender inequalities. Marxist feminist argue that gender inequalities arise from the working of the capatalist economin-system: it requires and benefits from women's unpaid labour in the home, an example of this is that men are the reproduction of labour and it's a woman labour in the home that keeps men fed and healthy. Marxist feminists believe that gender inequalities will only be eradicated once class has ceased to be a fundemental social division and that capitalist class relations are the root cause for female oppression, exploitation and discrimination. This perspective is criticised for overemphasising class relations and capatalism and for down playing gender as a social division. ...read more.

Conclusion

and the private sphere (home) Liberal feminism concerns itself mainly with the inequality in the public sphere. The belief that gender predudice is based around individual ignorance and education is seen as a valuable tool in the battle against discrimination based around ignorance. Liberal feminists argue that equality is to be pursued through policies that level of the playing field, eg equal access to education, equal pay, maternity leave, fair selection processes in employment. Some of the above inequalities have been addressed in the pursuit of equality, there was the sex discrimination act in 1975 and the equal opportunities commission was established in 1975. After analyzing the above theories it is fair to say they all have there strenght and weaknesses. Women have overcome some discrimination, whereby before they were restricted to the household and now they have the whole of society in which they can be exploited. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and asses sociological explanations for workplace inequalities between men and women

    5 star(s)

    They claim that patriarchy is the cause of gender inequality. Men exercise their power over women within the workplace by using intimidation and exclusion resulting in the discrimination of women within employment. Stanko argues that through sexual harassment in the workplace women are kept subordinate to men.

  2. Outline and Assess the Usefulness of Conflict Theories in Explaining Social Class Inequalities in ...

    The boys did as little work as possible at school and work finding as much time as possible to "have a laff". This means that the education system does not always produce the workers that are required by the Capitalist system.

  1. health inequalities and socio-economic class

    The Whitehall civil servant and soldier studies clearly demonstrated that health and rank or status is linked. This study found that there was a clear 'mortality gradient' linked to class, meaning that those occupying lower ranks experienced higher mortality rates than those of the higher ranks, suggesting that socio-economic class and health are, indeed, linked.

  2. Changes in the social structure of education and its impact on class and gender ...

    Selection for each type of school was made on the basis of an intelligence test (IQ) at 11+ which embodied cultural and linguistic assumptions linked to class and background. Children were allocated school places on the basis of the results.

  1. Sociological Theories

    Marxism was found by the philosophers Karl Marx (1818 - 1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820 - 1895). This theory was produced under a promise to provide answers that functionalism couldn't. Functionalism was not a dominant theoretical perspective until the 1940s to 1950s.

  2. Differences between sex and gender

    For example boys are often described as 'big strong lads' whilst girls are frequently referred to as 'sweet little angels'. The words and phrases parents use to praise or criticise their children help build up the child's self-concept of what a boy and girl should be, thus contributing to the reinforcement of gender identity within the family.

  1. Discuss the similarities and differences between conflict of Marxist theories and functionalist theories in ...

    Dialectical materialism contradicts the social equilibrium theory by stating how the economic base and conflict is the root of all change in society. Dietzgen believed that the economy influences change on all other social institutions and all change as the product of a constant conflict between opposites arising from the internal contradictions inherent in all events, ideas, and movements.

  2. Biological and Social Constructionist explanations of Gender development

    She reported feeling different and her teachers said she was generally more masculine than feminine. Brenda was even seen urinating standing up. Either Dr. Money did not know or he chose to ignore this evidence. Brenda consistently refused to have further surgery which Dr.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work