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This essay will look at gender inequalities from several different perspectives. Biology theories, socialist theories and feminist theories. Three questions that many sociologists have looked at are: Why are there gender inequalities? How are they sustai

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Introduction

This essay will look at gender inequalities from several different perspectives. Biology theories, socialist theories and feminist theories. Three questions that many sociologists have looked at are: Why aree there gender inequalities? How are they sustained? Can gender inequalities be eradicated? Biological theories- believe it to be impossible to achieve an equal society because hormones, genetics and chromosomes 'naturally' determine gender inequalities, and it is these natural factors that cause and sustain universal inequalities. One of the main critics is that biological theorist use data taken from animals and then apply it to humans. Socialist theories- are functionalist-influenced theories, they are most concerned with social factors rather than biological factors in the explanation for gender inequalities. In this theorie that argue that men and women have different scripts are they are learnt through socialization, particurly from infancy and childhood. ...read more.

Middle

There are a number of feminist theories which focus on different aspects of gender relations in their explanation of gender inequalities. Marxist feminist argue that gender inequalities arise from the working of the capatalist economin-system: it requires and benefits from women's unpaid labour in the home, an example of this is that men are the reproduction of labour and it's a woman labour in the home that keeps men fed and healthy. Marxist feminists believe that gender inequalities will only be eradicated once class has ceased to be a fundemental social division and that capitalist class relations are the root cause for female oppression, exploitation and discrimination. This perspective is criticised for overemphasising class relations and capatalism and for down playing gender as a social division. ...read more.

Conclusion

and the private sphere (home) Liberal feminism concerns itself mainly with the inequality in the public sphere. The belief that gender predudice is based around individual ignorance and education is seen as a valuable tool in the battle against discrimination based around ignorance. Liberal feminists argue that equality is to be pursued through policies that level of the playing field, eg equal access to education, equal pay, maternity leave, fair selection processes in employment. Some of the above inequalities have been addressed in the pursuit of equality, there was the sex discrimination act in 1975 and the equal opportunities commission was established in 1975. After analyzing the above theories it is fair to say they all have there strenght and weaknesses. Women have overcome some discrimination, whereby before they were restricted to the household and now they have the whole of society in which they can be exploited. ...read more.

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