• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did women become more emancipated in the period 1800-1914? In 1800 there were only a very small number of women who were literate

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent did women become more emancipated in the period 1800-1914? In 1800 there were only a very small number of women who were literate, this was a large number of women who could neither read, nor write, this was the way that the men of the time wanted it to be. This was because women were not seen to need these skills, they should stay in the home and perform their duties as a mother. By 1900 a large number of women were literate. This change was largely due to universal elementary education. The biggest early provider of this education were factories and workhouses, the education went hand-in-hand with these places as many women children were working at them at this time. Also, the poor law began in 1834, unemployed people could go to work houses where they would be given jobs to do. These jobs were often meaningless tasks such as bone breaking to try and encourage people to get out and get a job. Naturally the conditions at these places were horrible. This was to make sure that you would not go there by choice and sponge off the state. The poor law also made the work houses legally bound to give half time education to all its child workers. These schools taught the three R's, reading, writing and arithmetic. The education was poor but it was equal for both genders. Workhouse schools were often a lot worse than in the factories, both sexes were taught to read but girls were often taught more domestic jobs such as sewing and cooking rather than academic subjects that they would not need in the home In 1870 the education act was passed to educate all. ...read more.

Middle

These women played a very symbolic part in women's emancipation, as they were role models for other women. "If she can do it then why can't I?" was a common phrase of academic women at this time. However there is a debate about the nature of this change. Was this universal education really meant to free women and aid their emancipation or was this just another form of social control? Sure this looked like women were being given the chance to make more of themselves than just desperate housewives but this could have merely been a way of controlling women to keep them happy so that they could be taught whatever the men in the government saw fit. Another area that has showed a great amount of change for women in the last century is employment. At the beginning of the 19th Century most people lived in a rural environment. With the industrial revolution came a large urbanized working class and growth in the middle class from 1815 onwards. At The beginning of this time most women were employed as farm laborers or worked at home. Up until 1842 women could work down the mines until legislation came out restricting hours and banning women from working down them. This can be viewed in two ways. It stopped women from enduring the harsh conditions that mining involved, however, it can be seen to treat women like children, who need looking after. Women also lost their jobs and would have been without pay, this can be seen as an example of regression, the men made the rules and the women had to follow them regardless. ...read more.

Conclusion

Before 1850, political rights and individual rights were more generally allowed only to men from the wealthier sections of society. Women at this time were thought to b incapable of rational thought and from the mid 18th century women from the wealthier sections of society were excluded from political debates, economics and were expected to behave as a lady should, respectable and refined. Increasingly, women were found to lack the professional training and other forms of specialized knowledge. Prospering merchants and retailers tended to move their homes away form their place of work, leaving their wives and daughters t play their domestic roles in the home thus excluding them from other opportunities in the world around them. There is a lot of evidence to suggest that women were greatly emancipated during this period, there is a lot more evidence to suggest that they were given freedom rather than having it taken away. With regard to the extent of change it is obvious that it differs with different groups. The working classes were emancipated up to a point but after this there is only continuity until further into the future. The middle classes had more of a head start as they were able to get into higher education and into professional jobs although they were the minority group at this time the extent of change was great but with fewer numbers achieving emancipation and dependence. The emancipation of women at this early stage was very important to the rest of woman's history as it gave way to the suffragette years and their campaign for complete equality that followed in the years to come. ?? ?? ?? ?? Phil Durrant History Coursework - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Examine The Reasons Why Girls Are Outperforming Boys In Most Subjects And Most Levels ...

    There is some evidence to note that teachers aren't as strict with boys as they are with girls. They are more likely to extend deadlines for work, be tolerant of disruptive behaviour and accept poorly presented work, all this simply because they expect it from boys.

  2. Education in Nervous Conditions.

    Tambu believes that education is the only solution to the state of her country and Nyasha says that: "the education of solitary family members will not solve the ills of rural poverty:" however in the end of the novel Tambu starts realizing that this education is not what she had thought it to be.

  1. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    The hidden curriculum sub consciously teaches the children the values they will need in the world of work, such as being subservient or obeying figures of authority. Having said this there isn't another way to do things, schools have to have rules and authority figures.

  2. What were the lives of people like in the 19th century cities?

    Looking at this table you can see the clear difference in how the hygiene and housing affected the amount of time a human can live in certain circumstances. We want better rules and circumstances in our working place! What can the government do about these problems?

  1. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    Black Stone (New Society) They argue that there are so few women scientist and engineers because of the impact of environmental influences on attitudes, both in the home and the school. Science and technology subjects are seen as male subjects. Alison Kelly (The Missing Half: Girls and science Education 1981)

  2. Multi-agency working

    Education welfare officers, teachers from schools and colleges, special educational needs (SEN) co-ordinators and youth workers all contribute to making a difference to the education and training opportunities available to young people who offend. YOT Also has a "Vulnerable Children's Grant.

  1. Religion can both be a conservative force and an initiator of social change. To ...

    An example of this is in the USA, where Reverend W.A Criswell spent 50 years insisting that the Bible is the unerring word of God and that its historical accuracy is beyond question. Criswell led a domination of 16 million people and he and his followers worked untiringly to ensure that their conservative social agenda dominated the US political debate.

  2. Report on: Lowood Institution for Orphan Girls.

    The subjects taught are as follows: - * Grammar and Writing (English) * Arithmetic (Maths) * French * History * Geography * Music * Drawing (Art) * Sewing- Speciality- Canvas and Muslin 3.2 Discipline There is a very high level of discipline taught at Lowood.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work