• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent does the New Deal help Ethnic Women to reduce their poverty?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent does the New Deal help Ethnic Women to reduce their poverty? Introduction: New Labour acknowledges that there is a group of people who are excluded from society. This exclusion is described as, "A combination of linked problems...unemployment, discrimination, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime, bad health and family breakdown" (ODPM, 2004: 7) The New Deal is a policy aimed at reducing poverty through increasing employment to create an inclusive society. Feminists have highlighted that both the extent and experience of poverty is different for women than it is for men due to the expectations placed upon them and that the type of poverty facing women goes beyond a deficiency in income. (Alcock, 1993) "Poverty also means being powerless...being treated like a second class citizen". (www.oxfamgb.org/ukpp/poverty/) What is evident is the effect on ethnic minority males and females is worse than the British white population, due to racism and cultural differences. The purpose of this report is use New Labours New Deal policy that promotes employment as a way to reduce poverty and relate this to the life and experiences of ethnic women. New Deal Policy: One of the policies to tackle exclusion is the New Deal a strategy aiming to reduce poverty by helping people into work because according to New Labour "The best anti-poverty strategy is full employment". ...read more.

Middle

They are also least likely to be at home caring for family or home at just 8%. (EOC, 2004) Both groups had the highest number of lone parents, more than double white women they also had the lowest proportion of marriages. (Social Trends, 2005) Black African and Black Caribbean women achieve the least number of GCSEs (EOC, 2004) but were more likely to carry on their education than white girls. (Census 2001) Chinese: After Asian ethnic groups, Chinese were the most likely to be married and had a lower rate than white groups of lone-parent hood. (Social Trends, 2005) Chinese girls were more likely than any other group to gain five or more A*-C GCSEs and the most likely to continue their education. (EOC, 2004) Unemployment rates were average and they were the most likely to be self-employed. (Social Trends, 2005) Discussion and Conclusion: What is apparent is that there are clear distinctions between the lives and living conditions of ethnic women. New labour want to tackle poverty, discrimination, poor housing but it is less clear how the new deal and employment will apply universally to different women and their circumstances. Research has shown that an increase of women into paid employment has not led to equal status with men either socially or economically. ...read more.

Conclusion

(EOC, 2004) Distinctions between religion and tradition were made by younger generations of Asians rejecting the view that religion prevents them from working whilst the older generations were more inclined to take the view that women should not work outside the home using religion to justify this. Older generations of Bangladesh families were found to have traditional views and may think college or universities will lead to a lapse in religion with implications for family honour and marriage chances. This is likely to impact upon women's educational attainment. (Dale et al, 2002) Despite higher qualifications ethnic women still experienced barriers to gaining employment. For example they also have to deal with the traditional views of their older generations and family life that may mean the independence gained through education is lost. (Dale et al, 2002) This also means that these women may not have as much pressure on them to get a job, as there would be on black women as their values are different. (Dale et al, 2002) There needs to be a lot more research on the differences between ethnic women to establish their employment needs. The New Deal may offer individual advise but it appears not to be relevant to the needs of women in particular but more relevant to the needs of employees' in general. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society.

    Most shocking of all, while the city council claimed to be an 'equal opportunities employer', only 490 out 30,410 council employees were black. Nationwide, Asians in particular have been the target of increasing harassment and attacks. For example, submitting job applications from candidates matched in every way except ethnic origin.

  2. Poverty and the welfare state

    Similar policies were continued by the subsequent Conservative government under John Major and the mark of the New Right is said to be evident in the New Labour government of the present. Marxism, on the other hand is an idea that comes from the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

  1. The Bad Side of Feminists. Nowadays, fewer women want to claim themselves as ...

    Most of the cases, the parent who stayed home is the mothers. However, in majority of the cases, this seems to be the decision of the women (Fisanick). Many women believe that there is a stronger bond between mother and child rather than father and child, especially in the early years of the child.

  2. Identity Paper

    Thankfully, my mother would stand up for me and for her American culture, which has shown more equality between males and females. Through the hardships my father has grown up with, he channeled it towards a more focused and driven attitude and way of life.

  1. Children in Poverty in Brazil and the UK

    There are high levels of social discrimination which means it is less likely for woman to get jobs and also quite limited to government services. The UK suffers from relative poverty, which are people who live under the national UK income, whereas in Brazil they suffer from absolute poverty where people lack the necessary food, clothing, or shelter to survive.

  2. Are women more religious than men

    Women are more involved with caring than with patriarchal responsibilities. Caring seems to be associated more with a religious outlook. This is related to work as it suggests religiosity and the explanations as to why women are more religious. Sixthly it is believed by sociologists that women are taught to be more submissive, passive, obedient and nurturing than males.

  1. BTEC NATIONAL LEVEL 3 ...

    Corporate social responsibility: corporate initiative to assess and take responsibility for the company's effects on the environment and impact on social welfare. The term generally applies to company efforts that go beyond what may be required by regulators or environmental protection groups.

  2. Black Male perception, of Secondary School Attainment and Opportunities. "Explore reasons for the academic ...

    British Education research journal The White British- Black Caribbean achievement gap: tests, tiers and teacher expectations. ? Steve Strand The main feature of this journal is British-Black Caribbean?s underachievement. Recent analysis of the longitudinal study of young people in England (LSYPE)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work