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to what extent is poverty existant in society today

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Introduction

Contents to poverty essay Page 2: Introduction. Page 3: Absolute Poverty Page 4: Poverty in the past. Page 6: Poverty today. Page 9: Theories of poverty. Page 10: Conclusion and summary. Introduction to the assignment : "To what extent does poverty exist in society today"? The following assignment will provide an in depth analysis of poverty in society today. My project is based on measurements compared from past evidence to the present to define whether poverty does still exist or does it exist in a different manner to what society believe it to be. To clearly understand and define poverty, I am going to address a variety of definitions of poverty and asses the groups who are more susceptible and vulnerable to experience poverty in society today. This assignment will focus upon providing a clear and concise definition of the extent of poverty. Absolute Poverty Firstly, what is poverty? "Poverty is the condition of being poor" (Geddes & Grosset 1995). By not having enough basic standards of demands of living you are therefore poor and live in poverty. Researchers have argued whether poverty is measured in terms of absolute poverty or in relative poverty. "Some say that there is common minimum standard that can apply to all societies" (Haralambos and Holborn 2004). Measures of absolute poverty are based upon the idea of that people who live in absolute poverty, do not have resources such as food, water, shelter, heat, clothing and sanitation facilities as without these resources you become unable to maintain what is needed to sustain human life. ...read more.

Middle

These children come from families with no parents in employment and 58% of these children come from lone parents not in employment (Thomas K, 2007). The proportion of pensioners living in income poverty has fallen throughout the last decade from 29% in 1996/97 to 17% in 2005/06. A 3rd of pensioners entitled to pension credit are not claiming it. Pensioners account for a 6th of all the groups living in poverty. (http://www.poverty.org.uk). Around two fifths of people who come from an ethnic minority back round live in income poverty. This is twice the rate for white people. Within this, there are variations between ethnic groups in that more than 1/2 the people who live in income poverty come from Bangladesh and Pakistan. A 3rd of working-age of Bangladeshi and Black African households is workless, as are a quarter of Pakistani and Black Caribbean households (Thomas K, 2007). The differences are particularly greater for families where at least, one adult is in paid work these figures show that 60% of Bangladeshi's, 40% of Pakistanis and 30% of Black Africans are in income poverty, compared to the White British, White Other, Indians and Black Caribbean for which the percentage is 10 -15%. In contrast, the whole proportion of people from ethnic minorities who live in low-income households have declined by around a fifth over the last decade (http://www.poverty.org.uk). ...read more.

Conclusion

Our society has evolved dramatically and so has our knowledge about poverty but still the figure is dangerously high. Many people believe that only 3rd world countries suffer poverty, only to be shocked by today's figures. Poverty can never be totally eradicated but considering we live in one of the richest countries in the world our resources should be better at addressing this huge problem, to at least working towards reducing poverty considerably. Reference list Geddes & Grosset dictionary (2005) 11th edition p185, published by Geddes & Grosset, New Lanark. Giddens A (1993) Sociology, 2nd edition, p246, published by polity press in association with Blackwell Publishers, Oxford. 17/09/2003, Women who more likely to live in poverty, http://www.guardian.co.uk, [online: available 16/11/2007] Haralambos and Holborn (2004) Sociology Themes and Perspectives, 5th edition p237 published by Harper Collins publishers Ltd, London. Haralambos and Holborn (2004) Sociology Themes and Perspectives, 5th edition p237 published by Harper Collins publishers Ltd, London. Haralambos and Holborn (2004) Sociology Themes and Perspectives, 5th edition, p241 published by Harper Collins publisher's ltd, London. Haralambos and Holborn (2004) Sociology Themes and Perspectives, 5th edition p267 published by Harper Collins publishers Ltd, London. United Nations 1995, Haralambos and Holborn (2004) Sociology Themes and Perspectives, 5th edition, p238 published by Harper Collins publishers ltd, London. Overview of key debates, [online: available 16/11/2007] http://www.povertyinformation.org/povertyinformation/ The poverty site, key facts [online: available 16/11/2007], http://www.poverty.org.uk/summary/key%20facts.shtml. Thomas K, class discussion October/November 2007, see notes in sociology file. Teresa Llewellyn 1 ...read more.

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