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To what extent is there a British underclass?

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To what extent is there a British underclass? There is an underclass in Britain and ethnic minorities are over represented in it. Ethnic minorities occupy the least desirable jobs for worst pay, they leave in poor housing, poor schooling for their children. This leads to a cycle of poverty. According to webrian, there is a dual labour market; Rex and Tomlinson believe that there are two distinctive labour markets in Britain. They recognise the ethnic minorities are represented in the second labour market. J. Rex says that there is a black underclass in Britain as a result of the nature of employment. ...read more.


Which most of these family's women head, so women are more likely to fall into the cycle of poverty. S. Castles and G. Kosack, both Marxist s did a study on immigrant workers and class structure in Western Europe. They found that in most countries concerned, immigrants shared the same position; they have the poorest condition and lowest status in every social sphere. In the labour market, immigrants are offered the lowest pay, the worst working condition an the lowest degree of security this leads to immigrants having difficulty maintain housing, they live in the worst condition and they live in the older slum areas of large cities. ...read more.


But Morris's work has been criticized that the research was done in only one part of the country, where ethnic minorities were not heavily represented. Pikington 1992 argues that west Indians and Asian men are more concentrated in semi-skilled work, and have higher average rates of employment than white males. A hard-hitting report from the child poverty action group found that around a third of all children are living in poverty. But the children that are more disadvantaged are ethnic minority groups. 73 per cent of Bangladeshi and Pakistani children live in income poverty and 63 per cent of black African children and 40 per cent of Caribbean children live in income poverty. In conclusion, there is no permanent underclass in Britain because people move in and out of poverty. Modupe Aluko 01/05/2007 Sociology 1 ...read more.

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