• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900 There has been a long-term decline in the number of births since 1900. However there have been a number of fluctuations in births with three ?baby booms? in the 20th century. The first two came after both world wars in 1914-12 and 1939-45 and it is thought this is because of returning servicemen starting families with their partners that had to be postponed during the wars. In the 1960?s there was another fluctuation and the third baby boom, most probably due to the increase in the usage of drugs and the huge fad of party fever. In the 70?s the birth rates started to fall again because of the new divorce laws enforced around this time, meaning couples didn?t have to stay together to avoid the stigma of divorce and therefore didn?t feel the need to have children. The birth rate then rose in the 80?s. ...read more.


The decline in infant mortality rate due to better sanitation, improved medical resources, development of knowledge about different illnesses and more awareness of healthy eating etc. has meant that women are having fewer children to replace the ones that may have died earlier on in the 20th century. In the 1900?s 15% of babies would have died within their first year, whereas now a baby has more chance of living to their 65th birthday than living to their first in the 1900?s. Children being an economic liability nowadays mean that fewer children are being born because of the expense. In the 19th century children would have been sent out to work and therefore earnt money for their household, whereas now due to laws and changing of norms in society children can?t work and because of this they have become an expense rather than a contribution to the family setup. The number of deaths since the 1900?s has remained fairly stable, at around 600,000 per year, however the number of deaths in the 1900?s was out of a smaller population than today. ...read more.


Medical improvements and development within medical research has meant that cures and medicines for certain types of illnesses have prevented a lot of deaths. Life expectancy has increased massively since the 1900?s (how long on average a person will be expected to live). Males born in England in 1900 were expected to live until the age of 50; in 2003-5 males on average are expected to live until the age of 76 and women in general about 7 or so years more. It is said that for every decade, life expectancy increases by two years. The increase in life expectancy is due to the improvements in medical research and awareness of healthy eating. The death rate since 1900 has decreased in general, due to better sanitation, better awareness of healthy eating and medical research. The birth rate since 1900 has decreased in general, due to the increase of the independence of women, ease of divorce and contraception and women starting families later on in their lives. Kianna Malley. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. How cultural deprivation affects the educational attainment of students.

    A lone parent family would be less suited to providing parental interest than an extended family. I feel that my method of research was the most suitable. A quantitative questionnaire allowed me to quickly collect data to analyse. It will also encourage respondents to complete the questionnaire as it will not be too time consuming.

  2. Examine the changes in the rate of divorce since 1969

    The idea of people getting divorced through celebrity couples, TV programmes and films hints at the idea that divorce isn?t a problem and that it is becoming more normalised. The last factor affecting the rate of divorce is that divorce is becoming more common and therefore more standardised.

  1. Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900.

    Also women are having children much later, currently the average age for giving birth is 29.6. Older women tend to be less fertile and don?t have many fertile years left and because of that reason they are producing less children.in 2006 one in five women aged 45 was childless ? double the number of 20 years before.

  2. Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900.

    These reflect that women are remaining childless in than in the past and woman are postponing having children till later on so their chances of having a child is less decreasing the birth rate. 1. Other causes of decrease in birth rate are that women who now also have other

  1. Sociology Research Paper - To examine how teenage pregnancy affects the teen mothers health ...

    The following are findings of the research Figure 1 Fig 1 Speaks about the age at which teenagers started to have sex in community L.51% of the respondents say that they started at an early stage 12-14, 37% say that they waited a bit older15-17 and 12% responded saying that they waited till they were adults 18-20.

  2. Examine the Effects of Maternal Employment on Infant Development.

    These studies have been examined by many researchers, each of them varying and being put together a little better than the last after taking in to mind the criticism for each. After Belsky's research was criticized another similar study was done but also took into account the background information of the child, mother and the family.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work