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Trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900

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Introduction

´╗┐Trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900 There has been a long-term decline in the number of births since 1900. However there have been a number of fluctuations in births with three ?baby booms? in the 20th century. The first two came after both world wars in 1914-12 and 1939-45 and it is thought this is because of returning servicemen starting families with their partners that had to be postponed during the wars. In the 1960?s there was another fluctuation and the third baby boom, most probably due to the increase in the usage of drugs and the huge fad of party fever. In the 70?s the birth rates started to fall again because of the new divorce laws enforced around this time, meaning couples didn?t have to stay together to avoid the stigma of divorce and therefore didn?t feel the need to have children. The birth rate then rose in the 80?s. ...read more.

Middle

The decline in infant mortality rate due to better sanitation, improved medical resources, development of knowledge about different illnesses and more awareness of healthy eating etc. has meant that women are having fewer children to replace the ones that may have died earlier on in the 20th century. In the 1900?s 15% of babies would have died within their first year, whereas now a baby has more chance of living to their 65th birthday than living to their first in the 1900?s. Children being an economic liability nowadays mean that fewer children are being born because of the expense. In the 19th century children would have been sent out to work and therefore earnt money for their household, whereas now due to laws and changing of norms in society children can?t work and because of this they have become an expense rather than a contribution to the family setup. The number of deaths since the 1900?s has remained fairly stable, at around 600,000 per year, however the number of deaths in the 1900?s was out of a smaller population than today. ...read more.

Conclusion

Medical improvements and development within medical research has meant that cures and medicines for certain types of illnesses have prevented a lot of deaths. Life expectancy has increased massively since the 1900?s (how long on average a person will be expected to live). Males born in England in 1900 were expected to live until the age of 50; in 2003-5 males on average are expected to live until the age of 76 and women in general about 7 or so years more. It is said that for every decade, life expectancy increases by two years. The increase in life expectancy is due to the improvements in medical research and awareness of healthy eating. The death rate since 1900 has decreased in general, due to better sanitation, better awareness of healthy eating and medical research. The birth rate since 1900 has decreased in general, due to the increase of the independence of women, ease of divorce and contraception and women starting families later on in their lives. Kianna Malley. ...read more.

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