• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using information from items A and B and elsewhere, asses the view that the education system serves to maintain capitalist society

Extracts from this document...


'Using information from items A and B and elsewhere, asses the view that the education system serves to maintain capitalist society'. The education system is one of the most influential institutions in our society, as it 'breeds' children knowledge and skills from a very young age (4-5) all the way to young adulthood (16-18), through set lessons or through the hidden curriculum. Education is said to supply a capitalist society with a perfect workforce by ensuring, for example, working class student do working class jobs. For the Marxist, education is seen as an important part of the superstructure of society. It is believed to serve the needs of the economic base; this base shapes the superstructure, while the superstructure maintains the base. It is believed by Marx that education performs two main functions in a capitalist society; it reproduces the inequalities and social relations of production of capitalist society and it serves to legitimate these inequalities through the myths of meritocracy, instead of education being merely to teach pupils skills such as literacy and numeracy and to teach common values. ...read more.


'Symbolic violence' was the term used by Bourdieu (1977) to describe the means by which the working classes are effectively duped into accepting their failure and limited social mobility. As a result their cultural attributes are rejected because the system is defined by, and for, the middle-classes who succeed by default rather than greater ability. Bowles and Gintis (1976) correspondence theory suggests that what goes on in school corresponds directly to the world of work. They argue that education serves to reproduce directly the capitalist relations of production with the appropriate skills and attitudes. Teachers are like the bosses and students as workers, teachers are to be respected and students are to work hard if they want to be rewarded (same as in a work place), also things like early start in the morning, being punctual (prepares students for the 9-5 day) ect. B and G however, point out that success is not entirely related to intellectual ability, and that those pupils who fit in and conform, rise above those who challenge the system. ...read more.


This doesn't support the capitalist view of society as they believe that class determines success and not educational achievement, I believe the opposite of this, that education determines success and not class. To conclude, on general I agree with some aspects of the Marxist perspective on education, I think there is a hidden curriculum set to prepare student for work, however I disagree with Althusser. I don't think that educations main function is to produce class inequalities; I think education is there to teach pupils about different social classes, class doesn't determine the job that you will get, education and qualifications do. I agree with the functionalist's perspective in that all pupils have equal opportunity to achieve if they put in the effort and learn then it doesn't matter what class you are, you can still be an excellent achiever and still be from a working-class background. However to some extent I do believe that the education system servers to maintain a capitalist society but only to some extent, I think education helps maintain any type of society. Saida Murati ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    the industrial revolution and 1970 is known as the modern where things were new and things were changing the time which we live in now is after the modern so is known as the post modern society. Post modernist sociologists view society as diverse and they believe this is represented

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Therefore it is hard to judge which groups give the best support". This does add more to Pilkington, the Swann report and Driver and Ballard research as they all saw the Asian family as a positive resource, none of them talked about how a strong sense of family and cultural traditions could hinder a child.

  1. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    Parson, who builds on Durkheim's ideas, suggests that there are three main functions of education. Two of the three functions are: to bridge the gap between adult and family roles and to develop universal standards and values. Parsons suggests that education is necessary in bridging the gap between norms and

  2. sociology of education

    Schools received funding for each child, so schools at the top were generating more finance, and as schools wanted to remain at the top they were selecting pupils they thought would generate positive results and therefore keep the school at the top of the league.

  1. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    dominant culture which serves the interests of the ruling class rather than society as a whole. * He ignores inequality in the education system e.g. between gender, class and ethnicity. Education is unequal and not everybody agrees on the values they are taught at school.

  2. Outline and asses the view that new social movements express cultural values rather than ...

    These class lines in today?s society have been much distorted; most people are now middle class, whether it is poor or wealthy middle. It is now hard to put your finger on what is actually working class. The failure of the parties has led to the people with less power to believe they can now have a say in society.

  1. Outline and assess the view that the role of the education system is to ...

    On the other hand, Bourdieu?s critics say that he is vague in his operationalisation of cultural capital, and precisely how it impacts on education achievement is unclear. Critics also say that Bourdieu?s focus on cultural reproduction and the elimination of the working class from education implies that they are doomed

  2. Are people with learning disabilities still invisible to society?

    References to village idiots. 2. 1834 Poor laws and asylums. An attempt to improve conditions but quickly became overcrowded and attitudes towards the ?inmates? changed and they were regarded to be dangerous and a drain on society. 3. Segregation continued into the 1900?s. People with intellectual disabilities were seen as needing to be segregated from

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work