• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using information from the items and elsewhere, assess the Marxist view that education benefits the ruling class.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using information from the items and elsewhere, assess the Marxist view that education benefits the ruling class. Society is represented by a social class hierarchy. The ruling class ideologies are filtered down through the hierarchy by stratified diffusion. Marxists focus on the Social system and the structuralist theory; they believe that the individual is less important than the social structure of society. They also believe that the ruling class (bourgeoisie) exploit the working class (proletariat). The beliefs of Marxists are apparent in education. Althusser (1972) is a French Marxist. He believes that the main function of education is not the transmission of common values, but the existence as an ideological state apparatus. He believes that the Education institution justifies and reproduces class inequalities through the hidden curriculum. These inequalities include the opinions of capitalists and the norms and values of the bourgeoisie. Proletariat children are taught through socialisation to accept the knowledge they gain in school, including these class inequalities. This supports the Marxist theory that the proletariat are being exploited. ...read more.

Middle

He was not a Marxist but he conducted a study in 1977 'Learning to Labour' which applied the Marxist theory. His study focused on two subcultures in the same school. 'The Lads' were a group of working-class boys aged 14-16 who wanted to do factory work when they left school. They wanted to work in a factory as they often had a number of relatives working there as well and they saw it as a satisfactory career. Their behaviour was often disruptive and unconformative. They had simple humours and were often abusive to girls. The second group of boys which Willis studied was 'The Lobes'. These were boys of a similar age to 'The Lads'. Willis named these boys 'The Lobes' because they listened attentively in class as they wished to become skilled and join apprenticeships. They were conformative, respectful and obedient. From this study, Willis observed that there was a division of culture being created, and different types of conformity existed. The behaviour of each subculture reflected their future employment. ...read more.

Conclusion

This would work to the ruling class's advantage yet again. Bernstein argues there are two types of linguistic culture, the elaborate and restricted codes of speech. He believes the middle class have the ability to use both codes. In school, a child may use the elaborate code but whilst with their peers, change their culture and use restricted codes such as nicknames etc. However, a working class child may only be able to use the restricted code of speech as they haven't been educated to use the elaborate code. This puts the working class children to an unfair advantage. These two codes of speech act as an advantage to the ruling class. By examining the Marxist theory and their studies, I believe that education does benefit the ruling class. This has been demonstrated by Althusser, Bowles and Gintis, Bourdieu, Bernstein and Willis. It has also been demonstrated through theories such as cultural capital, linguistic culture, habitus, and the 'neutral sieve'. I agree with what most of the Marxist sociologists say as I also believe that the ruling class ideologies are filtered down through education, when things could be made more meritocratic. 08/05/2007 Darryl Morgan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. The Marxist view of education

    that are most useful to them. If capitalism is to survive, it requires a solid working, docile, dutiful and extremely motivated workforce. The education system achieves this through the hidden curriculum. This refers to those things that pupils gain knowledge of through their experience of attending school, rather than the formal or official curriculum (punctuality, manners, boredom etc).

  2. 'Education is a tool of the ruling class'- Discuss.

    Marxism is based on outlining the relationship between people and the economy. It states that peoples existence is defined by the economic state, where the ruling class owns wealth and the workers, who provide the labour in this relationship, are exploited in order to create profit for the ruling class.

  1. Report on: Lowood Institution for Orphan Girls.

    However, one girl, not out of that forty-four, died of the rare disease, Consumption, otherwise recognised as TB or Tuberculosis. It is not known how she picked it up, but it can be guessed by the standard of the dormitories, with no heating in them and cracks and crevices in the windows making it cold to be inside of.

  2. Do TNCs benefit LEDCs?

    There are many reports of shocking conditions and occurrences in Nike sweatshops, including the following, from Nike sweatshops in Vietnam: Workers receive around $1.60

  1. Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to ...

    Modern industrial society is largely based on achievement than ascribed status and universalistic rather than particularistic standards. This shows that school prepares children for their adult role. Parsons also said that school socialises young people into the basic values of society and that value consensus is essential for society to operate efficiency.

  2. Assess Functionalist and Marxist approaches to the relationship between education and economy.

    Davis and Moore agreed with Parsons that education is a way of role allocation, but they 1inked it more closely with closely with the social stratification system. The education system sifts, sorts, and grades individuals to their talents and abilities.

  1. SOCIAL CLASS DIVISION

    by introducing an' Assisted Places Scheme' which would reimburse fees for independent schools, but there is little evidence to suggest that poorer families benefited from it. The 1980 Act extended the 'market economy' principle, the cornerstone of Thatcherite conservatism, in the system.

  2. Assess Functionalist and Marxist approaches to the relationship between education and the economy

    He argued that after primary socialisation, the school becomes the focal socialising agency, and it prepares children for their future adult roles. According to Parsons, the school is an important part of socialisation because it judges the children on universalistic standards instead of the particularistic way they are judged by kin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work