• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using Item A and E & knowledge from elsewhere identify, outline and assess the perspective which is being used to describe the role of the education system.

Extracts from this document...


The Role of the Education system 1) Using Item A and E & knowledge from elsewhere identify, outline and assess the perspective which is being used to describe the role of the education system. (10) Functionalism plays a big part in the function of the education in society. Education provides a bridge between home and wider society, children are judged by universalistic standards of society rather than particularistic values of the homes, roles in the family are ascribed whereas roles in society are achieved. Parsons says that school is the focal socializing agency; it acts as a bridge between family and society which is believed by many functionalists. Parsons also believes that school is a major mechanism for role allocation, it tests and evaluates students and their skills are often matched to skills and capacities to jobs which they are best suited to. ...read more.


The Ridings school showed no signs of social control, there are no norms and values and no harmony which contradicts functionalism as a whole "establish a normal routine. We need to get the school working and we need to get youngsters in lessons" The school pupils were not taught any job skills and therefore they were not being prepared for the world of work at all, here it would seem that it is not a miniature society as Marxist and Feminist say that Durkheim's idea of democracy is very idealistic as they see class and ethnicity as affecting opportunities so they don't necessarily start from a level playing field as functionalists suggest. Internationalist on the other hand believe that we don't live in one society with one culture, it depends on individuals what routes they want to take in school, whether they will work and accept the education system or reject the values of the school and therefore wider society. ...read more.


He also believes that school is the necessary homogeneity for social survival and specific skills provide 'necessary diversity for social co operation'. Hargreaves however argues that schools do not have a sense of dignity for working class pupils. He says that if the pupils don't achieve it is likely they will form subcultures and rebel; against the values of school and as a consequence of society. Other critics say that Durkheim assumes that norms and values are taught by school for the benefit of the society rather than of a ruling elite or ruling class. Davis and Moore believe that relationship between academic credentials and occupational rewards is not close, they believe that the education system doesn't grade people in terms of 'what you know, it's who you know'. As a result of this, intelligence has little effect on education attainment. 2) Looking at Item B and C explain which sociological and political perspective is being outlined. (4) Marxism ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Critically Evaluate the Functionalist Perspective on Education

    5 star(s)

    of school routine and dull, which prepares them for work in low-skilled repetitive careers. Children are also taught the importance of obedience without questioning and so preparing students destined for low-skilled manual labour to accept power hierarchies. Finally, selection shows how different ability groups are rewarded differently and the curriculum

  2. Assess the role of education form the functionalist perspective

    exist society can never be meritocratic, because public schools symbolise class equality. Secondly a focus on choice has created hierarchy of educational institutions based on forms of selection rather than equal opportunities, thirdly the concept of meritocracy is undermined by the disproportionate inequalities in achievement experienced by groups such as

  1. Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to ...

    Hargreaves also noted that schools fail to produce a sense of dignity for working class pupils and therefore fail and may form subcultures, which rejects the values of the school. Hargreaves proposed three solutions to the national curriculum. One was for students to follow a field of study where they have a special interest or ability.

  2. What are the strengths and weakness of the conflict perspective in Sociology? Illustrate how ...

    Some groups of society were accumulating wealth and power at the expense of others, and society was set up in favour of those with economic power. Marx saw society as consisting of two main classes, the ruling elite (the capitalists)

  1. Marxist and functionalist perspective on education

    This bridge is essential because the family and society operate on different ideology; therefore, children need to learn a new way of living if they are to survive in later life. In the family we are judged by the particularistic standards, rules that apply only to a particular child, for

  2. Comment on the strength and weakness of the social security system in Hong Kong

    In 1973, the big bang period, the government introduced the flat rates Special Needs Allowances (Old Age Allowance, Disability Allowance) for elderly infirm and severely disabled. It was later renamed "Social Security Allowances". No contribution tests and no tests of means were required.

  1. Marxist Perspective on Religion

    Although the Allies did declare war on the Third of September, very little action was followed in what was dubbed the 'Phoney War'. Britain and France did not honour their agreement to secure the borders of Poland and, aside from declaring war, did nothing to prevent its invasion.

  2. Using information from the items and elsewhere, assess the Marxist view that education benefits ...

    Whether this is factually true or not is almost irrelevant as children such as "The Lads" in Item B believe it to be so, thus condemning themselves to their own subculture where not working in class becomes the norm, and inevitably, as suggested by Paul Willis' study, a future of working on factory floors.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work