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Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education in society.

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Sociology Miss Rowbotham Education Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education in society A) Explain what is meant by 'streaming'. (2 marks) Streaming is when you organise children into different classes in school depending on their ability. B) Give two examples of ways in which the school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric. (4 marks) The school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric as they only teach main culture/religion subjects and they do not give children a broad education. C) Suggest three ways in which schools act as agencies of socialisation. (6 marks) Schools act as agencies of socialisation as they teach children manors, the difference between right and wrong - i.e. deviance, and they give children the chance to interact with other children and other members of society. ...read more.


Also, streaming can lead to labelling e.g. someone who teaches a lower group often expects less from then, this leads to the children being deprived of higher knowledge to help them achieve better grades. They are also placed into lower tier exams, making it impossible for them to strive for higher grades and exceed other peoples' expectations of them. Other factors in the hidden curriculum could be language and values, as the language used by teachers is mainly aimed at middle class children, therefore, they have an advantage over lower class children, as they have been brought up using that style of language, and so understand it. Also, the values taught to the children are, in the majority, middle class values. This also puts the lower class children at a disadvantage because they are not being taught the same values at home as they are at school. ...read more.


Parsons believes that education acts as a bridge between the family and society itself, and that it prepares us for adult roles in society. Parsons says that education is the main secondary agent of socialisation, and that we are judged in terms of achieved status which is produced though education, and then work. Whereas, he believes that family is the primary agent of socialisation and we gain ascribed status i.e. brother, sister, mother, etc. Parsons says that education is a meritocracy and that everyone has a fair chance, because if you have the ability and you put in effort, then you will achieve merit and status to go with it. Davis and Moore believe that social stratification is a means of ensuring that the most talented people fill the positions that are most functionally important for society. Overall, functionalists believe that education is good for society, as it prepares us for work in later on. It teaches us how to interact with people as well as academic knowledge. He oH ...read more.

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