• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education in society.

Extracts from this document...


Sociology Miss Rowbotham Education Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education in society A) Explain what is meant by 'streaming'. (2 marks) Streaming is when you organise children into different classes in school depending on their ability. B) Give two examples of ways in which the school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric. (4 marks) The school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric as they only teach main culture/religion subjects and they do not give children a broad education. C) Suggest three ways in which schools act as agencies of socialisation. (6 marks) Schools act as agencies of socialisation as they teach children manors, the difference between right and wrong - i.e. deviance, and they give children the chance to interact with other children and other members of society. ...read more.


Also, streaming can lead to labelling e.g. someone who teaches a lower group often expects less from then, this leads to the children being deprived of higher knowledge to help them achieve better grades. They are also placed into lower tier exams, making it impossible for them to strive for higher grades and exceed other peoples' expectations of them. Other factors in the hidden curriculum could be language and values, as the language used by teachers is mainly aimed at middle class children, therefore, they have an advantage over lower class children, as they have been brought up using that style of language, and so understand it. Also, the values taught to the children are, in the majority, middle class values. This also puts the lower class children at a disadvantage because they are not being taught the same values at home as they are at school. ...read more.


Parsons believes that education acts as a bridge between the family and society itself, and that it prepares us for adult roles in society. Parsons says that education is the main secondary agent of socialisation, and that we are judged in terms of achieved status which is produced though education, and then work. Whereas, he believes that family is the primary agent of socialisation and we gain ascribed status i.e. brother, sister, mother, etc. Parsons says that education is a meritocracy and that everyone has a fair chance, because if you have the ability and you put in effort, then you will achieve merit and status to go with it. Davis and Moore believe that social stratification is a means of ensuring that the most talented people fill the positions that are most functionally important for society. Overall, functionalists believe that education is good for society, as it prepares us for work in later on. It teaches us how to interact with people as well as academic knowledge. He oH ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Critically Evaluate the Functionalist Perspective on Education

    5 star(s)

    This reaction against the deterministic structural theories of the Functionalists and Marxists suggests that educational failure is due to negative reactions against labelling. Therefore the teachers and other pupils with whom you interact influence your personal 'self concept'. Balls study in 1981 on the topic of 'banding' in Beachside comprehensive

  2. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    In some ways the introduction of comprehensive has brought equality of opportunity for all, because it has given the opportunity for everyone to get the same education regardless of class, gender or race. The schools teach the same things and offer the same achievements to every pupil, as long as they work hard.

  1. Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to ...

    Children are taught to get along with those who are neither their kin nor friend. Durkhiem saw schools as society in miniature. Durkhiem also argued that school rules should be enforced and punishment which should reflect the seriousness of the damage done to the social group and should be made clear why they were being punished.

  2. What are the strengths and weakness of the conflict perspective in Sociology? Illustrate how ...

    in order to operate a business you need to listen to the concerns of the workforce. This empowered the working class, without destroying the capitalist structure. This has progressed to a point where in some corporations, trade unions, employees and employers have realized that they to co-operate to make the business succeed as this benefits all parties.

  1. Obesity in todays Society

    Christine Gorman in her article "How to Eat Smarter" explains that many doctors have recommended a diet containing fruits and vegetables as well as small amounts of nuts and dairy products as a means of lowering blood pressure and 'bad' cholesterol, which cause heart diseases and certain types of cancer.

  2. Examine the reasons why females tend to achieve more than males in the education ...

    The women's movement has raised expectations, so females want to do well in life and not just become a mother and wife. Teachers have also become aware of stereotyping, so now females can choose any subject they want to do.


    The research of Gewirtz, Ball and Bowe (1995) supports some elements of cultural capital theory in that they found that middle-class parents possessed more cultural capital than working-class parents in terms of knowledge about recent reforms in education and parental choice.

  2. Using material from item B and elsewhere assess the strengths and limitations of group ...

    Also, such a method requires observational and interpersonal skills that the researcher may not possess. Furthermore, notes cannot usually be taken down openly and the sociologists must rely on memory and the opportunity to write them in secret.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work