• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the value of the right realist approach to crime and deviance.

Extracts from this document...


Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the value of the right realist approach to crime and deviance. Right realism is a conservative and extreme functionalist view of crime. They see it as a growing problem that destroys societies. Sociologists such as James Q Wilson have stressed the point that it cannot be tolerated. Right realists are more concerned with solving crime rather than understanding the causes. As detailed in item a, right realism favours increasing the cost paid by those who commit crimes by for example giving harsher sentencing. Right realists such as James Wilson and Richard Herrnstein put forward a biosocial theory of crime. They believe that criminal behaviour is made up of biological and social factors. They believe that people may be biological more attracted to committing crime than others for example, they believe traits such as aggression and risk taking are inborn in the person and this causes them to commit crimes. ...read more.


Murray believes that the underclass is not only a source of crime but something that's very existence threatens the values of hard work and personal responsibility. An important part of the right realist views of crime is the rational choice theory. This theory assumes that individuals have free will and the powers of reason. Rational theorists, such as Ron Clarke, argue that a decision to commit a crime is based on a rational evaluation of the risks involved and likely consequences. If the rewards of the crime outweigh the risks or consequences or rewards of non-criminal behaviour then the individual will be likely to carry out the offence. Right realists believe that the costs of crime are too low and that this is why crime rates have continued to increase over the years. In their view, there is often little risk of being caught if caught the punishments are often lenient. ...read more.


Right relists take the 'Zero tolerance' approach to crime, as devised by James Wilson and president Ragen towards undesirable behaviour such as prostitution and begging. The role of police should be to focus on controlling the streets so law-abiding citizens are safe. They believe that crime prevention should reduce the rewards and increase the cost of crimes to the offender, for example, 'Target hardening' - greater use of prison and ensuring punishments follow soon after the offence to maximise the effect. Right realism has been criticised for its explanation of crime and its solutions. Critics believe that they do not take into consideration wider structural causes, such as poverty, it overplays the offenders' rationale before committing a crime, it may be a utilitarian crime, their view of rational choice theory contradicts their theory of biological and social causes for crime, its preoccupied with petty street crime and does not focus on bigger, corporate crimes which are more costly and harmful, advocating 'Zero tolerance' allows police to discriminate against ethnic minority youth, the homeless, etc. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    Right realists reject the idea put forward by Marxists and others that structural or economic factor such as poverty and inequality are the causes of crime. For example against Marxists they argue the old tend to be poor but have a low crime rate.

  2. The Strengths and Limitations of Left Realism and Right Realism Theories in Explaining Crime ...

    Heavier punishment for convicted criminals was not the answer, as potential criminals have little chance of been detected. Increase the chance of detected and potential criminals will be less inclined to carry out a deviant act. The key features developed by Right Realism are: Value consensus and shared morality underpin

  1. New Right Realism & New Left Realism. The realist approach to crime treats crime ...

    unintelligent parents and an education system controlled by the bourgeoisie; therefore keeping a strong sense of false class consciousness within our society. Afro-Caribbean youths compare themselves with white youths, making them feel they do not have a chance to share the standard of living of the majority due to restricted opportunities and racism within Britain.

  2. Assess the value of the right realist approach to crime and deviance

    As it says in Item A, right realists like James Wilson believe some individuals are biologically predisposed to commit crimes. Wilson and Hernstein (1985) put forward a biosocial theory of criminal behaviour. An example of this theory is the idea that some people possess innate personality traits such as aggressiveness,

  1. Using material from item A and elsewhere, examine reasons for the appeal of the ...

    Snyder observes that many capitalist societies are often unwilling to pass laws that will result in large industries and corporations. She argues that working class crimes such as burglary don't cause as much harm in society as corporate crimes such as breaking health and safety laws.

  2. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    They all suggest that this is concerned with paternal relationships at an early age. Moving on through Nye, Reckless, Hirschi and Gottfredson the theory seems to become more evolved, although still tautological. The most recent theory being, that of Hirschi and Gottfredson and their General Theory of Crime, which relates to self control.

  1. Assess the usefulness of realist explanations of crime and deviance

    This falls under the social control theory which mainly focuses on the factors that prevent people from committing crimes. He also believes that the only solution I to cut down on welfare benefits or to completely stop them in an attempt to make people stop depending on the state and start depending on themselves by taking responsibility of themselves.

  2. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the growth of ...

    Bruce argues that there are two types of situations where fundamentalism can originate; changes within society, and external changes to a society. The changes within society takes place largely in the West, for example the New Christian Right came about to combat the new ideas of privatising religion and other

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work