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Using material from Item B and elsewhere assess the view that it no longer makes sense to talk about the Patriarchal family(TM).

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Introduction

Using material from Item B and elsewhere assess the view that it no longer makes sense to talk about the 'Patriarchal family'. For the most part of human civilisation families were always considered as being male dominated or patriarchal, however since the mid 1950's and onwards families have slowly become a lot more women orientated. Some sociologists argue that now women have a lot more power in the home and as they become more equal to men in society they also have more power in the marriage and the way the household operates, these sociologists say that modern day families are no longer male dominated as they were last century and before. However other argues that Patriarchal family does exist. In the 19th century, it was a patriarchal unit, where father/husband was the head of the family. He would often have little involvement in the care of his children and children might see relatively little to their parents and generally children had low status in the family and were expected 'to be seen and not heard'. ...read more.

Middle

75% of divorces are initiated by women. Women have gained more legal rights than ever before. E.g. the Matrimonial Causes Act of 1923 gave women equal rights with men in divorce for the first time, and therefore gave more women the opportunity to terminated unhappy marriages. This leads to women having greater political powers in the household. Gender roles have changed over the time. More women have started to do paid work and more men are helping put with domestic work. Young and Wilmot announced the arrival of the Symmetrical Family. They claimed the 'conjugal roles' the role of husband and wife are becoming increasingly similar. However, despite these claims, their views were challenged by a leading Feminist Ann Oakley. She described their analysis of 'helping from husbands' as a loose notion. Her researched showed that women experience a period of full time housework and housework and childcare remain the primary responsibility of women. Most working wives have a dual burden. As a result, families are not fully symmetrical, although there has been a slow move towards it. ...read more.

Conclusion

99% of assaults between partners involve men assaulting women. Many Radical Feminists writers see patriarchy as the main obstacle to women's freedom. Both Radical Feminists and Marxist feminists would agree that domestic violence stems from structural inequalities in society and that only by improving the position of women in society. In conclusion, ultimately of course conjugal roles, the balance of power and decision making are organised in a multitude of ways but they are shifting. Evidence suggests that men are doing more marginally more and women are doing substantially less by way of housework especially the educated, high earners. As a result these women are likely to have greater power in the home both economically and politically. Many men on the other hand want to do more parenting but are often constrained by inflexible work places. Power in the household, (i.e. which parent makes the decisions in the household like when to move, buy a new car, schools etc...) is becoming more women orientated according to sociologists like Irene Hardill and Anne Green. Nevertheless, Patriarchal family does exist to certain extent. As suggested by sociologist Paul, her statistics shows that 60% of couples, male are dominated. ...read more.

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