• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using the information you've learnt and your own knowledge assess functionalist approaches to the relationship between education and the economy.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using the information you've learnt and your own knowledge assess functionalist approaches to the relationship between education and the economy. In the following essay I am going to discuss Functionalist views on education and compare them to Marxist views on how they link to the economy and future job prospects. The essay will explore key ideas in the theory behind functionalism. To fully assess the Functionalist approach on education and economy I need to compare and contrast the ideas to an opposing view of the Marxist. The main theory behind functionalism is that society as a whole evolves around six main aspects and these are as follows : * Government * Religion * Law * Education * Family * Media From these six I am going to focus on Education. One of the functionalists' main views is that education is a meritocracy and a theorist by the name Talcott Parsons concluded this theory. Parsons was an American sociologist writing in the 1950s. He argued that schools act as a focal socialising agency, acting as a bridge between the family and society as a whole, and prepare children for their adult role. ...read more.

Middle

It rewards the most able with better qualifications and therefore better jobs that are functionally more important to society. Bowles and Gintis Marxist view is that the hidden curriculum shapes the future workforce in the following ways. It provides a subservient workforce by penalising creativity, aggressiveness and independence and rewarding perseverance consistency, dependability and punctuality. It also encourages acceptance of hierarchy. Students obey teachers, and this is reflected in the workplace where they obey their employers. At school students are encouraged by external reward just as a workforce in a capitalist society is rewarded by external rewards. School promotes fragmentation of the curriculum, this is reflected in the workplace where different people carry out specific tasks. Further more education makes society feel fair and just. The workers are socialised to believe that equality of opportunity exists and that the system is meritocratic, this is called the legitimisation of inequality. Marxists such as Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis would argue that the education system is meritocratic, and deny that this can become so with a capitalist framework. They reject the view that we all compete on equal terms and claim that the children of the wealthy and powerful tend to obtain highly rewarding jobs, irrespective of their abilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bowles and Gintis also claim that children of the wealthy and powerful have a higher chance of obtaining a higher and better-paid job. This rejects the Functionalist view by Parson that everyone has equal chances and this is disguised through the myth of meritocracy. Both groups state that education has different purposes. The Functionalists perspective states that schools' transmits society's norms and values. Bowles and Gintis Marxist view states that education's major role as the production of labour power. They agree that education transmits norms and values but of the workplace and through the hidden curriculum. There are elements in both arguments that can be interpreted as being right. I agree that a school transmits societies norms and values but I also believe that family and friends play an important part in transmitting values to the individual. I also reject the Functionalists view that school is meritocratic because not everyone has an equal chance and not everyone will achieve the same even if they have the same ability. Children of the ruling class always have greater chances and opportunities to develop and the structure of society ensures their continued opportunities. Alexander Ford Tutor : Chris Youle ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Critically Evaluate the Functionalist Perspective on Education

    5 star(s)

    Through the selection, setting and examinations of the hidden curriculum working-class children are taught to accept failure as their own fault and that the inequalities of wealth are fair. Thus this results in the acceptation of the 'Myth of Meritocracy'.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Comparison Of Marxist And Functionalist Views On Education

    3 star(s)

    Functionalists see, or stress the need for a meritocratic society, in which people can move freely up and down the occupational hierarchy. As with the Marxist theory on education, Functionalists also look at the economic function. Looking at a pre-industrial society, we find that the range of occupations is low,

  1. Compare and contrast the Marxist and Functionalist views on the role of education in ...

    They believe that it isn't the content of lessons and examinations that is important, but the form that teaching and learning take and the way that schools are organized. The hidden curriculum is what the pupils learn from attending school itself.

  2. Examine sociological explanations of the relationship between education and the economy

    Most jobs now demand people with flair, ambition and people with charisma not mindless idiots as Marxist stated. Not all schools respond in exactly the same way and not all pupils respond in exactly the same way as Bowles and Gintis suggested.

  1. Assess Functionalist and Marxist approaches to the relationship between education and economy.

    Another view is there should be compulsory parts of the curriculum, which will help pupils to have a clear view of their role in society. Hargreaves also proposed more teamwork and games, which will develop a sense of loyalty to the school and respect each other.

  2. Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to ...

    Bowles and Ginitis see the education system as a place where students learn the norms and values of the workplace, this is important because if capitalism to succeed they need a hardworking, docile, obedient and highly motivated workforce. Students learn this through the schools hidden curriculum; this is what pupils learn through the experience of attending school.

  1. Marxist and functionalist perspective on education

    example the younger a child is the more they are able to get away with bad behaviour. On the other hand, we are all judged the same in schools and the society, we are judged in terms of achieved status and universalistic values.

  2. A comparison of the Marxists and Functionalists Approaches to Education

    of "correspondence", just as capitalism is built on the exploitation of the many by the few. So school is guilt on the subordination of the students, their obedience and conformity of the system. Bowles and Gintis also believe that there is an illusion of equality of opportunity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work