• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using the material from item A and elsewhere access the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Using the material from item A and elsewhere access the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education. Marxists have a critical view on the role of education. Capitalists society is a two class system, where ruling class exploit the working class. Like it says in Item A, Althusser argues that the bourgeoisie use two apparatuses to control the working class. The first is Repressive state apparatus which controls the working class through force or threat, for example the police or the army. The next is Ideological state apparatus which control the ideas of the working class, making them think capitalism is a fair system, for example the education system, religion and especially in the media. He also argues that education is an important ISA, which performs two functions. It reproduces class inequalities by making sure that the working class pupils fail and it also legitimates class inequalities by producing ideologies to hide its true purpose. Pupils learn that failure in school is their own fault. ...read more.


These boys formed a counter-school culture, meaning that they rejected school, skipped lessons and messed about in the ones they went to. They saw the idea of school being meritocratic as a con and saw manual work as more masculine than non-manual work. Due to their behaviour in school they ended up in low-paid jobs. According to Willis, by restricting schools, the boys guaranteed they ended up in the lower-paid jobs capitalism needs people to perform. Bourdieu argues that the middle class pupils achieve more that working class as both they and their parents possess more capital than the working class. These include economic capital, educational capital and cultural capital. Middle class pupils possess more cultural capital simply because their parents take them to places such as art galleries, classical music concerts and the theatre. All of these places and what they see help with their education. Middle class parents also possess cultural Capital because they have good knowledge of the education system, which they use to get their children into the best schools. ...read more.


Ethnicity also clearly shows that the education system isn?t equal. We can see trends in educational achievement related to ethnicity. For example Chinese and Indian students tend to achieve more, whereas Pakistani and black students tend not to achieve. This could also relate to poverty as the working class children and the black ethnic children are more likely to be in poverty. Post-modernists argue that Marxists don?t look at this. They don?t look at all at ethnicity or gender. Contrasting with Marxists view, Liberal Feminists believe that further progress will be made by girls and so they will continue to develop. They say that also continuing to push the equal opportunity policies is dealing with sexist attitudes towards women. Radical Feminists argue that even-though girls are achieving more, the education system is still patriarchal. An example of this is girls are still sexually harassed in schools. There are also still many more male head teachers than women. In conclusion this then relates back to how they are treated in school and will never get into the best schools, therefore will hardly ever achieve highly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Free essay

    Assess the contribution of functionalism to our understanding of society

    3 star(s)

    If we define science as valid knowledge, then anti-positivists believe they produce science, but positivist sociology and natural sciences do not. However if science means producing generalizations and laws, then anti-positivist sociology no longer meets this criteria. The argument put forward by anti-positivists in response to this is that both

  2. Peer reviewed

    Evaluate the Contribution Marxists Have made in Understanding the Role religion plays in Society

    3 star(s)

    Liberation theology is the fusion of Christianity and Marxism and can be used for radical change. For example, liberation theology in Latin America has brought elements of the Catholic Church into direct conflict with vested interests; deliberately using religion in an attempt to change wider society.

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    The interactionalist approach is mostly against the idea of a meritocracy because they believe that teacher labelling exists and George Herbert Mead spoke about symbolic interactionalism where our behaviour is in part created by the way we are treated by those around us; in particular significant others which are people

  2. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that working-class underachievement in ...

    They suggest middle-class students are an example of the closest to the correct cultural capital and working class kids are furthest away from having the correct cultural capital. They see middle-class students as having the correct cultural capital as teachers are of the same social class as them and so

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    However I am starting to think that it may be one of a combination of factors. I then asked if he believed that family support systems make a difference to a child's achievement at school, "It does, but it depends, when children reach 15 to 16 the family can often be a problem, practically for young women.

  2. Changes in the social structure of education and its impact on class and gender ...

    Underachieving boys are the subject of many concerned educators and policy-makers. In higher education girls now considerably outnumber boys. How is this explained? Generally there has been a greater awareness of and sensitivity to gender issues in schools with initiatives such as Girls into Science and Technology (GIST).

  1. Using material from Item 1B and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in ...

    Driver and Ballard [1981] found that Asian children whose first language was not English were as good at English as their fellow students by the age of 16. However, labelling theorists would say that language may not be a barrier, but dialects may influence teacher expectations and lead to negative labelling.

  2. Outline and discuss the contribution made by Marxism to our understanding of society

    However, he elaborates this argument and suggests that the family is also a vital unit for the consumption of the products of capitalism. These Marxist views have contributed to various sociological perspectives, and has also influenced other conflict theories including the Feminist view of the role of women in the family.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work