• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is an Interview

Extracts from this document...


An interview is a conversation between two or more people, the interviewer and the interviewee where questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information from the interviewee, this as a qualititive method. Qualitative methods of research and data focus more on the context and integrity of the material and produce research findings that are not arrived at by statistical summary or analysis. The methods used in qualitative research include participant observation, intense interviewing and focus groups, which provide researchers with in depth information, unlike quantitative method. A great number of researchers are more frequently using a mixed method research design now to try and increase the credibility of their findings. ...read more.


The data drawn from qualitative methods is most valid where ethical guidelines have been followed, and certain codes of practice abided. The interviewer interjection should be kept at minimum, the interviewee should be able to express themselves with as much breadth and depth as they would wish, and the interview should be structured in such a way as to enhance the interviewee's ability to respond. Interviews for research or evaluation purposes differ in some important ways from other familiar kinds of interviews or conversations. Unlike conversations in daily life, which are usually reciprocal exchanges, professional interviews involve an interviewer who is in charge of structuring and directing the questioning. In some professional interview situations, the power of the interviewer is much greater than the power of the interviewee. ...read more.


For instance, an adult recollecting being a school ground bully might remember their role in events differently, or the sexual abuse victim might not be able to recall incidences at all. Therefore the subjectivity that makes qualitative methods a flexible and attractive field of methodology is also riddled with the inherent problems of subjectivity, bias and distortion. In qualitative program evaluation, open-ended responses to questions provide the interviewer with quotations, which are the main source of raw data. The task for the qualitative interviewer is to provide a framework within which people can respond in a way that represents accurately and thoroughly their point of view about the program. In practice, open-ended, qualitative interview questions are often combined with more closed-ended, structured interview formats. Qualitative interviews may be used as an exploratory step before designing more quantitative, structured questionnaires to help determine the appropriate questions and categories. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work