• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is sociology?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Samantha Clarke What is sociology? Sociology is the study of how society is organised and how we experience life. Sociology examines how our behavior individually and in groups is influenced by social processes and what that means. Sociology studies people in their everyday environments at every level. Sociologists study a variety of things including human interaction which means people?s behavior with others in any situation for example, a teacher with their students. These interactions and roles lead to social institutions such as family or mass media. These institutions all form the social structure which is linked to the way in which a whole society is organised. ...read more.

Middle

Emile Durkheim believed that sociology was a separate science from other subjects and should concern itself with the scientific study of social facts. Max Weber was concerned with studying sociology from the point of view of social actions. Karl Marx believed that everything that happens in society is as a result of economic relationships between people. Within sociology, there are 3 main areas that are recognised, social structures, social systems and social issues. Structures include the family and education, systems such as culture and identity and issues like crime and unemployment. There are 4 main theoretical areas within sociology; they are Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Interactionism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Marxist theorists include Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx. Feminists argue that society is dominated by men. In this patriarchal society men discriminate against women in order to prevent males and females gaining equal rights. There are various strands of belief within feminism; such as radical feminism, liberal feminism and Marxist feminism. Feminist theorists include Germaine Greer and Ann Oakley. Finally, Interactionism theorists reject the structuralist approaches of both functionalism and Marxism, which argue that social institutes shape all our behaviour. Instead they see people as having a much more positive and active role in shaping social life. This theory starts with people or individuals and not with society. To conclude, sociology explains human behaviour by studying how the social group?s people belong to influence their actions and beliefs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Can and should sociology be a science?

    Furthermore, findings of natural science are reliable. Unlike natural matter, humans do not react in a causal like way to external forces as claimed by positivists. This is because physical matter such as rocks and chemicals give the exact same results to exact stimuli.

  2. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    Feminists feel men are bad influences on women and they stop a woman from a achieving her potential. Feminists blame low fertility rates typically on the men as they feel they don't do enough for the woman and they have a lot of areas to improve.

  1. - APPROACHES IN PSYCHOLOGY

    The behaviourist approach assumes that all behaviour, both normal and abnormal, is learned through the processes of classical and operant conditioning. In other words, we learn by interacting with the world around us, especially by the ways our environment operates on us.

  2. Key Perspectives in Sociology

    assault 112 10.7 Parent assault 73 7.0 Sibling assault 50 4.8 Mutual assault 6 0.6 Total 1044 100.00 In 1980, R. E. and R. Dobash carried out a study into Violence against Wives. As a part of their research they used the above figures, compiled from statistics gathered in 1974,

  1. My sociology coursework is about the segregated conjugal roles between men and women in ...

    QUESTION: How long have you been married? I asked this question because I tried to get responses from people that live different lifestyles. This shows that I have couples that have been married for a short period of time and also a very long period of time.

  2. Black Feminism

    There have been two formulations of this, one, which focuses on the diversity of experience, the other concerned with difference as informed by postmodernist thinking. Focusing on black women's experiences highlights the ways in which race plays an important part in their social and economic positioning.

  1. Functionalism, Marxism and Interactionism. Complimentary or Contradictory?

    will attempt to live up to social and cultural expectations without question. Another key sociological theory I will be looking at is Marxism, based on the ideas of Karl Marx (1818-83)

  2. Major Theories in Sociology

    Benazir Bhutto is Islamic feminist from Pakistan. She was elected Prime Minister two times but she was murdered due to her views Suffragettes means a right to vote. They advocated actions like smashing windows, wrapping themselves in chains, throwing acid etc. This movement in UK is called Suffragists.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work