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What were the lives of people like in the 19th century cities?

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Introduction

-------------------------- What were the lives of people like in the 19th century cities? -------------------------- -------------------------- 2003.11.04 -------------------------- Back to back houses were especially built for workers. It was the cheapest solution of living. Basically, back to back houses were houses put together or out in a row, with every house sharing at least one wall. Thank to this the creation of the house was way cheaper both considering the amount of materials and land used. It did not take as much time to build up such house either. The circumstances in the back to back house were, unfortunately, terrible. In a 2-room apartment (almost all apartments had that size) up to four families lived. That was way too much. They had to live very tight, as the house really was for one family. Due to this serious hygienic issues came up. Another problem was the extremely narrow street separating the back to back housing series (following the concept of less land = cheaper). Those streets were very trafficked because of the large amount of workers concentrated in one, small area. Trash was probably the most dangerous and therefore the fundamental problem in the cities during the nineteenth century. Not the fact of it being thrown on the street from the window, but the risk of diseases spreading. Diseases and the large possibility of getting contaminated was a big problem. The hygiene was at an absurdly low level, hence the great risk of infection. Trash was laying on the streets, not only stinking and blocking the way, but also keeping various viruses inside it and letting those develop. These infections will multiply, since the waste won't be driven away that often. If one worker would get infected, all people in his flat (4 families) would get infected, who would probably continue working if the are not completely wasted, since they are desperate of money. ...read more.

Middle

Amateur sports changed into a fast growing form of entertainment, both for males and females. The richer people could go to the theatre which was a rather superior way of entertainment. In the beginning it was popular in London, but soon the trend spread to other larger cities. Beautiful and humoristic or dead serious spectacles were shown to entertain, or shock people who could let themselves open their wallets more. The middle-class people got their way of entertainment too. They could go to the music-hall, a place where you could listen to music, drink, eat and sing. Upper classes did also perform their own sports. They hunted for animals, foxes or birds. Poaching a fox from another's mans crop was however severely punished. Gambling and other kinds of hazard also opened up. People won and lost lots of money. Horse races with bets started to shoot off. The society changed drastically, it became more and more as today. All people did now also have the opportunity of going to the pub with their friends, taking a beer and talk. Henry Davenport is a nobleman owning several factories. He probably looks like the "erotic" man on the picture to the right. He is clothed in expensive clothing. You can see that the material is pretty, he has style. He has a suit; a white shirt and a vest with a pattern, on top of that he has the outer clothes. Just standing and wearing the garments he looks powerful. Not only would his clothing be stylish. His hair would also be properly combed, and his moustache fixed. He would probably use some kind of perfume, an oil extract smelling good. All the upper class people would most likely clothe nearly the same. They all bought the most expensive things and those turned out to be pretty similar. Mr. Davenport would be a man who has style, knows what he clothing he should wear, he would be on top of the line. ...read more.

Conclusion

They moved from the country-side to the city with hope about a good work, and they received nothing. Their life is basically a survival. They do of course have each other, but that's all I would say. The education during the Industrial Revolution did not develop that much in the beginning. Changes did not occur until late 1800. Schools were only for rich people before and in the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Basically it was too expensive for the working class to afford an education for their kids. Children of upper class members first had a nurse at home learning them the basics, and then they went to public schools or boarding schools to then go to the university, preferably Oxford or Cambridge. Girls could attend schools after 1850 - before that they were learning how to take care of a house and how to easily attract a man. Poor people used the charity schools to receive some kind of education. It was better than nothing. A number of 1/15 of all kids in the city going to school 1780 changed to almost all children going to school 1880. In one century such a major change. Really it is a very good development. This was thanks to the government that gave schools money to take in students who did not afford any extra costs. School boards were set up 1870 to stand for the countries education. An important law was passed in 1880 by the government stating that all children under the age of ten must attend school until they reach the age of ten. Later on, in 1893 the limit was raised to 11 years and in 1899 it was raised to 12 years. This is how the education progressed in the 19th century. This could have been done faster if the government would have come to a decision sooner. This would not make Britain only lead the world's export, but also the world's intelligence would be gathered there. Sources: http://www.fmcsd.ab.ca/classes/yaro/SS%20Webpages/Carla%20Sherman-Web%20Page/industrialrevolutioncs.html http://encarta.msn.com http://www.costumes.org/classes/fashiondress/IndustrialRevolution.htm http://histclo.hispeed.com/essay/war/war-ir.html http://www.blessedquietness.com/journal/prophecy/3rdrevol.htm http://www.cottontimes.co.uk/leisureo.htm http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/ENLIGHT/INDUSTRY.HTM http://65.107.211.206/art/costume/70s/2.html ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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