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Why do people bully? The expert on bullying, Professor Dan Olweus of the University of Bergen in Norway estimates that at any given time, 15% of students are involved in bullying.

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Introduction

Bullying is defined as an aggressive behavior that involves negative actions. Bullying happens when an individual or more target a single individual and use behavior that has the intention to hurt that individual. Bullying consists of verbal bullying, physical bullying, emotional bullying, sexual bullying, racial bullying and cyber bullying (Olweus). The expert on bullying, Professor Dan Olweus of the University of Bergen in Norway estimates that at any given time, 15% of students are involved in bullying. Based on the research by Olweus in Norway and Sweden, with 150,000 students in grades one through nine, 15% of students were involved in bully problems several times or more within a three to five month period, 7% had reported to have bullied others and approximately 9% have been bullied several times or more. ...read more.

Middle

For example, if a group normally bullies, then an individual who do not bully but wants to be accepted as a part of the group may feel a great deal of pressure to start bullying. Mental behavior is one of the main causes of bullying. It involves an imbalance of power and strength as most of the bullies are physically aggressive and hot-headed. When bullies feel powerless and afraid, they are much more likely to be aggressive, therefore they will always want to feel powerful and in control. According to Catherine Bradshaw, "this provides them with a sense of power." They want to be dominant and to be more noticeable to others (Marshall). They may not even understand how wrong their behavior is. Most of the bullies, see their own behavior as justified, they view violence in a positive way. ...read more.

Conclusion

Parents might also be a little too permissive in their daily life causing them to be unable to set limits on their children's behavior. As an example, since an early age, bullies can do whatever they want without any clear consequences and discipline (St. Clair). Last but not least, individuals who grow up with harsh discipline do not always understand the reasons behind the strictness, so they feel threatened and perceive the way they are treated as abusive and bullying (Baras). Often, individuals that grown up with harsh discipline is not aware that, although they may be softer than their parents were, they are still bullying other individuals. Bullying is a serious matter that can affect the ability of students to progress academically and socially (Banks). Peer pressure, mental behavior, and also family issues are the main causes of bullying. As Richard L. Gross said, "We are all either bullies, bullied, or bystanders." Therefore, through good comprehensive intervention plan involving everyone, there could be a reduction in bullying. ...read more.

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