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'why do some do better at school than others?' This essay explores the home environment, social class, gender, labeling, teachers, ethnicity, politics, mixed ability, ability and gender differences.

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Zara Iqbal 10s7 Sociology Essay Introduction I have chosen to do my essay on 'why do some do better at school than others?' This essay explores the home environment, social class, gender, labeling, teachers, ethnicity, politics, mixed ability, ability and gender differences. Social class Working - class pupils do not do as well on average as middle - class pupils. Some of the arguments about underachievement by working -class pupils go back to the 1970s and earlier. When most working - class pupils were sent to secondary modern schools the underachievement was linked to this type of school. This is no longer the case. State education is free, so the fact that working - class families are less well off should not make a difference. This may be a matter of money, but still can reflect differences in values. Middle - class children are more likely have been socialized in to ideas about how important it is to do well and how it is worth studying hard to get a good job in the future. Working - class children may even find the way they speak holds up their achievement. Success in schools requires being able to speak and write in what is seen as 'correct' English; middle - class children are likely to find this easier because are living in the society that speaks the 'correct English' therefore it is much easier for these children to speak properly. ...read more.


Afro - Caribbean's, boys in particular, may be thought of as loud and disruptive while Asians are more likely to be seen as capable and hard working, and may be ignored because it is felt they do not need help. Ethnic minority students do sometimes come across institutionalised racism from teachers and other students. Some racism is harder to tackle. For example it has been argued that when teachers put students in sets and steams, they are influenced by behaviour as well as ability. So an Afro- Caribbean who would be able to succeed in a top set may end up in a lower set if they think the behaviour will affect those in the top set. Teachers have different stereotypes so teachers expect children to live gender stereotyping for example - boys mess around. Within schools certain subjects are identified to girls and other to boys. Teaching by Ability School students can be taught at the correct academic level. They can be taught at the appropriate pace and appropriate subject matter. Those who want to learn won't be distracted by those who don't want to learn. Teachers will be able to adapt their teaching to the needs of the particular stream. Mixed Ability Teaching Students in lower steams feel humiliated if their friends are all achieving high marks and they are not doing very well. Teaching in mixed ability groups takes away the 'labels' which students have according to their stream. ...read more.


But now more females are passing their A levels. More males went to university, now more women go to university than men. It has also been suggested that boys do better without girls. Boys often say girls distract then and some of their disruptive behaviour may be showing off intended to impress the girls. Gender Differences Schools and teachers are being much more aware of these issues, and trying to treat boys and girls the same to ensure equal opportunities. Teachers are trained to make their resources more girls friendly. National projects set up to encourage girls to participate in science and technology. Changes in employment and expectations of employment- girls and their parents are having much higher expectations, aiming for qualifications and careers. This is a big change from a few years ago when most girls thought of their future in terms of getting married young and having children. Many girls do, however, as they used to, go into routine clerical or shop work combined with domestic works. There are now more opportunities in the workplace for women there are also a lot more successful and professional role models for women so their expectations are higher. Conclusion In conclusion the social class makes a difference on how well you are educated. There are other important factors such as your gender, ability, ethnicity, home environment. The level of sport from parents/ carers. The persons own cognitive ability and the level of motivation. Politics also plays it part on how well the schools are able to prepare its pupils with essential life skills depending on the funds they receive. ...read more.

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