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Why is so much crime committed in urban areas?

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Introduction

Why is so much crime committed in urban areas? Crime in urban areas has been on the increase since the 1950s, why? What has happened to cause crime to become almost an accepted part of inner city life? There are plenty of crime figures available for every city in the world, but reading numbers from a list does not explain why more crimes are being committed, to try to understand we have to look at what has changed in urban communities and how these changes have affected the people that live there. Most urban areas have always been predominately working class with low-grade housing and low wages, where communities had enjoyed a strong bond as people worked together in factories and mills, whole generations grew up working in the same place as their parents and friends. ...read more.

Middle

These street gangs whose goals of regular work and prospects of social mobility were unlikely to be attainable. This led to the gangs having their own values and rules of what is criminal behaviour. Crime then became almost acceptable and attractive within these sub-cultures. Detective Chief Superintendent John Carnochan, head of the Strathclyde police violence reduction unit, describes areas of Scotland where "interpersonal violence is almost accepted as legitimate, a community norm, something that cannot be changed." (Sunday times 2005) Other aspects of the urban areas of today that must play a part in the increase of crime is the available opportunities to commit crimes, more houses, less security and the increase in steal able products in the average house hold. The change in which the police are used to fight crime, has had quite an impact on urban crime, the move away from community type policing, where the local police officer would know everyone on their beat. ...read more.

Conclusion

The research that has been done points at three main reasons for the increase in crime in urban areas, political, meaning the policies of governments have failed to stop the increase or possibly even added to the increase in crime, economical where the changing trends in the economy of the country has taken industry and wealth from urban areas, and community because of the constant shift of residents through the zone of transition led to a state of social disorganisation. It would be easy to point the finger if there was only one thing that had changed over time, but the more we study crime, the more theories on the causes of crime emerge. What we must not do is pick an easy option and not look at the effects that everything else might have on crime in urban areas. ...read more.

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