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Why The Need For Workers - An Introduction to the History.

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Why The Need For Workers. An Introduction to the History In the early 1700's the good quality cotton was in great demand. At this time weaving was done at home by families and was a very slow process. Sometimes, no profit was made on the cloth because it could not always be sold. Weaving was improved by the invention of the flying shuttle invented by John Kay. Although the 'flying shuttle' sped up the process of weaving, it wasn't until 1765 when James Hargreaves invented 'the spinning jenny' that weaving was greatly improved. The spinning jenny could spin 16-18 threads instead of just one, like in previous years. After this, 'spin off' were made e.g. Arkwrights 'waterframe' or Edmund Cartwrights 'powerloom'. These were all heavy and big machines that could not be used at home anymore. Knowing this, mill owners like Samuel Greg and Richard Arkwright invested in mills and machinery. They then employed people from local villages and towns. Sometimes children and orphans were employed to do jobs like cleaning under machines and carrying baskets. ...read more.


The air was suffocating, as it was so thick with dust. The smell was unbearable. The whole place was diseaseridden." other accounts by apprentices were similar, but accounts by children who werestill working in mills are unreliable due to the fact that they might havelost their jobs if they had spoken out about the mills and what they might REALLY have been like. But the ones who did speak out, told of the punishments at the time. A boys account of what happent to his friend after he had tried to escape was "he had big weights hung from his ears and was made to work with them on all day." other punishments were also in force at the time such as: children who did not get up in time were made to work naked throughout the day, girls hair would be cut off if their work was not up to a satisfactory standard, and for boys, they would be beaten with a leather belt. But it is not fair to say that all factory owners were like this. ...read more.


He sent them to church every Sunday and provided them with respectable. It is debatable whether he did this to look good in the community or that he is was a religious man and wanted other generation to see 'the light'. One theory that passed through my mind is that maybe he used the power of belief to almost scare his workers. As if to say ' do as you are told, or god will punish you!' As radical a claim it might sound, it is a possibility. Its is also debatable that he did ALL these tings (i.e. looking after the workers so well) for money. Maybe he was thinking of the long-term possibilities, or maybe even a reputation for being 'Mr nice'. But it is my belief that although making money was his main aim, Samuel Greg looked after his workers because he cared for them. Working at style meant lower wages that in the cities, but better quality of life. There was cleaner air and water, which meant less chance of epidemics like cholera or typhoid. He made it so that in the long term, his workers would look back and see that it wasn't a bad place compared with other mills at that time. Andrew Pearson ...read more.

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